!Aerides odorata Lour. 1790 SECTION Aerides Photo by © Sudeep Kumar Jain M.Sc. (Plant Biotechnology) Research Associate NRC for Orchids, Sikkim, India 

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

Pink Variety Vietnam Photo courtesy of David Morris and Clackamas Orchids

FragrancePart sunHot CoolLATE SpringTo Fall

Common Name The Fragrant Aerides - In Thailand Kulap khao - Ueang pao - Kulap krapao pit - In China Xiang Hua Zhi Jia Lan

Flower Size 1 to 1 3/4" [2.5 to 4.4 cm]

This species is the type species for the genus and is widespread through the Chinese Himalayas, western Himalayas, Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Penninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and the Philippines occuring in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests as a large to giant sized, highly variable, hot to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of 200 to 2000 meters high up in trees in bright sun with very stout, drooping, branching stems carrying fleshy, incurved, oblong-ligulate, round lobed at the apex, broad, pale green leaves. As it's name implies it is highly fragrant and blooms in the late spring through fall on up to 3, sharply pendant, to 2' [60 cm] long, many [to 30] flowered, cylindric inflorescence that arise out of the leaf axils and as developing can be very sticky and giving rise to many, waxy, very fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Aeeridium odorum Salis. 1812; Aerides ballantiniana Rchb.f. 1885; Aerides cornuta Roxb. 1832; Aerides dayana hort. 1933; Aerides jucunda Rchb.f. 1860; Aerides latifolia (Thunb. ex Sw.) Sw. 1806; Aerides micholitzii Rolfe 1904; Aerides nobilis Warn. 1862; Aerides odorata f. immaculata (Guillaumin) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007; Aerides odorata subvar. immaculata Guillaumin 1934; Aerides odorata Lour. var alba; Aerides odorata var. annamensis Costantin 1917; Aerides odorata var. ballantiniana (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1891; Aerides odorata var. birmanica Rchb.f. 1887; Aerides odorata var. demidovii Linden 1885; Aerides odorata var. eburnea Cogn. 1904; Aerides odorata subvar. immaculata Guillaumin 1934; Aerides odorata var. major Ortgies 1859; Aerides odorata var. micholitzii (Rolfe) Guillaumin 1963; Aerides odorata var. pallida Guillaumin 1962; Aerides reichenbachii Linden 1858; Aerides reichenbachii var. cochinchinensis Rchb.f. 1880; Aerides rohaniana Rchb. f. 1884; Aerides suaveolens Blume 1849; Aerides suaveolens var. virens (Lindl.) Blume 1849; Aerides suavissima Lindley 1849; Aerides virens Lindley 1843; Aerides wilsoniana R.H. Torr. 1885; Epidendrum aerides Rausch 1797; Epidendrum odoratum 1810; Limodorum latifolium Thunb. ex Sw. 1799; Orxera cornuta Raf. 1836; Polytoma odorifera Lour. ex B.A.Gomes 1872

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as A reichenbachii drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Aerides pachyphylla; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Aerides virens drawing good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Aerides suavissisimum drawing good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Aerides suavissisimum var reichenbachii drawing good; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holtum 1953; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 10 1962 photo as A odoratum var immaculatum; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 11 1963 photo; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 3 1970 photo; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 3 1984 photo fide; Orchidiana Philippiniana Vol 1 valmayor 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988 drawing as A lawrencea not = A odorata fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988 photo fide; Opera Botanica #95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchds Pridgeon 1992; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 6 1993 photo; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Teo 1995; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 2 1999 photo; A field Guide to the wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo good; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchid Flora Of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 5 2002 photo; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; A to Z of SE Asian Orchids O'Byrne 2002 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora's Orchids Nash and La Croix 2005; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroideae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014

Aerides odorata Lour. var alba 1849

to LATE to

This variety of the previous species is endemic to one island [Palawan] in the Philippines.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 10 1962 photo as A odoratum var immaculatum; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 as A odorata var alba photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 as A odorata var alba photo fide The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 as A odorata var alba photo fide;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------