Aerides ringens (Lindl.) C.E.C.Fisch. 1928 Photo by G.R. Rao and the Graceful Indian Orchids Website

Drawing Drawing by M.D.Dassanayake & F.R.Fosberg

LATE EARLIER

Common Name The Rigid Aerides

Flower Size .3" [7.5 mm] wide .8" [2 cm] long

Found in India, Sri Lanka and the Andaman Islands in moist semi-evergreen forests and tropical savannah at elevations of 100 to 600 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with a short stem carrying rigidly leathery, loriform, twisted, unequally bilobed apically, basally closely imbricating leaves that blooms in the late summer and earlier fall on an axillary, stout, erect to ascending, rarely branched, dull purple, furrowed, to 8" [to 20 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with triangular, acute, irregularily serrate at the margin apex, 3 veined, persistent floral bracts and carrying fragrant flowers

Synonyms Aerides linearis Hook.f. 1890; Aerides radicosa A.Rich. 1841; Gastrochilus laxiflorus Kuntze 1891; Gastrochilus paniculatus (Wight) Kuntze 1891; Gastrochilus ringens (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Gastrochilus wightianus (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Saccolabium lineare Lindl. ex Wall. 1832; Saccolabium paniculatum Wight 1851; *Saccolabium ringens Lindl. 1833; Saccolabium rubrum Wight 1851; Saccolabium wightianum Lindl. 1833

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Saccolabium paniculatum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as A radicosum; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids 1965 as aerides radicosum; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing good; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 19/20 1129 - 1264 Brieger 1988 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroideae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------