Hemipilia pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Pinguiculae Y. Tang & H. Peng 2015

Plant and Flower

Photos by the Orchid Society of China Website

Part ShadeCoolColdSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Pinguicula-Like Hemipilia [possibly refers to the shiny leaves] - In China Da Hua Wu Zhu Lan

Flower Size .8" [2cm]

Found in northeastern Zhejiang province of China in forests in rocky soils, moist grasslands and valleys at elevations of 200 to 400 meters as a mini-miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with ovoid tubers giving rise to a stem with 1 to 2, basal, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, subbasal, porrect, linear-oblanceolate, narrowly elliptic, oblong-ovate to ligulate-oblong, subacute leaf that blooms in the spring on an erect, peduncle provided with 1 to 2, stertile, lanceolate bracts, 2 to 5.6" [ 5 to 14 cm] long, single to rarely 2 flowered inflorescence with a linear-lanceolate, much shorter than the ovary, acuminate floral bract

Synonyms Amitostigma pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) Schltr. 1919; Diplomeris chinensis Rolfe 1896; *Gymnadenia pinguicula Rchb.f. & S.Moore 1878; Habenaria pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) Benth. 1881; Orchis pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) So 1929; Ponerorchis pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014; Shizhenia pinguicula (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) X.H.Jin, Lu Q.Huang, W.T.Jin & X.G.Xiang 2015

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Gymnadenia pinguicula; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Diplomeris chinensis; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 as Diplomeris chinensis; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015 Photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Shizhenia pinguicula photo fide

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