!Anacamptis pyramidalis [L.] L.C.Rich. 1818 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Another Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Jeff Aguillon.

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Common Name or Meaning The Pyramid Anacamptis

Flower Size 1/4' or more [.6 cm or more]

This species is found as a small to medium sized, deciduous terrestrial in grasslands, limestone or chalk deposits or in dune systems near the shore in Central and Southern Europe and is a cool to cold growing orchid. They are usually found in full sun and have linear to oblong-lanceolate, acute, canaliculate leaves and they bloom in the summer on a 2' [60 cm] long, erect, crowded, many flowered, pyramidal inflorescence with linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts that has many, color variable, fragrant flowers with a musky odor.

Synonyms Aceras pyramidalis Rchb. 1833; Aceras pyramidalis lusus albiflora Raulin 1869; Aceras pyramidalis var. brachystachys (d'Urv.) Rchb.f. 1850; Anacamptis brachystachys (d'Urv.) Nyman 1890; Anacamptis condensata C. Koch 1849; Anacamptis durandi Brb. 1936; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. albiflora Borg 1927; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. angistiloba Brb. 1879; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. apiculata Maire & Weiller 1959 publ. 1960; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. condensata (Desf.) Maire & Weiller 1959; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. fumeauxiana Marg. & Kowalk. 2008; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. longispica Andr. 1934; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. nivea (P.Delforge) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. sanguinea (Druce) P.H.Sell 1997; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. serotina (Presser) P.Delforge 2007; Anacamptis pyramidalis f. tanayensis (Chenevard) So 1928; Anacamptis pyramidalis lusus albiflora (Fors.-Major) So 1928; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. algarbiensis Gand. 1910; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. brachystachys (d'Urv.) K.Richt. 1890; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. cerigensis (P.Delforge) Presser & S.Hertel 2012; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. condensata (Desf.) H.Lindb. 1932; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. serotina Presser 2007; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Landwehr 1977; Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. tanayensis (Chenevard) Quentin 1993; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. albiflora Fors.-Major 1817; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. brachystachys (d'Urv.) Boiss. 1884; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. cerigensis P.Delforge 2010; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. condensata (Desf.) Dobignard 2009; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. nivea P.Delforge 2000; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. orientalis Kreutz 2011; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. sanguinea (Druce) Kreutz 2003; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. serotina (Presser) Kreutz 2011; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. tanayensis Chenevard 1897; Anacamptis pyramidalis var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Kreutz 2004; Anacamptis urvilleana Sommier & Caruana 1915; Orchis appendiculata Stokes 1812; Orchis bicornis Gilib. 1792; Orchis brachystachys d'Urv. 1822; Orchis condensata Desf. 1799; Orchis cylindrica K.Koch 1846; Orchis duquesnii Nyman 1855; *Orchis pyramidalis L. 1753; Orchis pyramidalis var. sanguinea Druce 1929; Orchis rivini Gouan 1775

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/DRAWING fide; Flora's Orchids Nash and La Croix 2005; The Wild Orchids of Britain Summerhayes 1951; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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