Anacheilium crassilabium [Poep. & Endl.] Withner, Harding & Campacci 2004 Vespa Complex Photo by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Another Flower

Another Color Form Photos courtesy of Patricia Harding

Part shadeCool SummerFallWinter

Common Name The Thick Lipped Anacheilium

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found in the Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Trinidad & Tobago, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Surinam, French Guyana, and Guyana at elevations of 1200 to 1900 meters as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial in pine-oak cloud forests with clustered, large, bimorphic, ovoid, compressed or long and cylindric pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 4, erect-patent, elliptic-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, subacute, narrowing below into the base leaves that blooms in the spring, summmer and fall on a terminal, 12" [30 cm] long, racemose, few to many [5 to 22] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly matured pseudobulb with non-resupinate, fleshy, rigid, color variable flowers.

There is a convoluted history here and much still needs to be determined but much of what was once called Encyclia vespa is now Anacheilium crassilabia and all that is left in the new determination of Anacheilium vespa is the one found in Brazil.

Synonyms Auliza wilsoni Gale' 1938; Aulizeum variegatum [Hkr.] Lindley ex Stein 1892; Encyclia christii (Rchb. f.) Dodson 1994; Encyclia crassilabia (Poepp. & Endl.) Lemee' 1955; Encyclia crassilabia (Poepp. & Endl.) Dressler 1961; Encyclia feddeana (Kraenzl.) ined ?; Encyclia leopardina [Rchb.f] Dod. & Hags. 1994; Encyclia longipes (Rchb. f.) Dodson ?; Encyclia vespa (Vell.) Dressler 1971; Epidendrum baculibulbum Schltr. 1923; Epidendrum christii Rchb. f. 1877; Epidendrum coriaceum H. Focke 1853; Epidendrum coriaceum Parker ex Hkr. 1837; *Epidendrum crassilabium Poepp. & Endl. 1838; Epidendrum feddeanum Kraenzl. 1905; Epidendrum fuertesii Cogn. 1912; Epidendrum longipes Rchb. f. 1878; Epidendrum rhabdobulbon Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum rhopalobulbon Schltr. 1924; Epidendrum saccharatum Kraenzl. 1908; Epidendrum variegatum Hook. 1832; Epidendrum variegatum var. angustipetalum Hoehne 1947; Epidendrum variegatum var. coriaceum [Parker ex Hkr.] Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum variegatum var. crassilabium (Poepp. & Endl.) Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum variegatum var. leopardianum Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum variegatum var. lineatum Rchb.f. 1856; Epidendrum variegatum var. virens Lindl. 1853; Hormidium baculibulbum (Schltr.) Brieger 1960; Hormidium coriaceum [Parker] Brieger 1960; Hormidium lineatum [Rchb.f] Brieger 1977; Hormidium variegatum [Hkr.] Breiger 1960; Hormidium virens [Lindl.] Brieger 1961; Prosthechea christii (Rchb. f.) Dodson & Hágsater 1999; Prosthechea crassilabia [Poepp. & Endl.] Carnevali & Ramierez 2003; Prosthechea leopardina (Rchb. f.) Dodson & Hágsater 1999; Prosthechea longipes (Rchb.f.) Chiron 2005; Prosthechea vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins 1997; Prosthechea vespa subsp. triandra (Dod) Nir 2000

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR as Prosthechea crassilabia; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum variegatum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum variegatum; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Epidendrum longipes; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum variegatum Hkr.; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum fuertsii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum variegatum photo ok; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as Epidendrum rhabdobulbon; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 116. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 AS E baculibulbon; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 209. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 AS E baculibulbon; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:71 Schlechter 1924 as E rhabdobulbon; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:71 Schlechter 1924 as E rhopalobulbon; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as Epidendrum crassilabium; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum crassilabium; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum feddeanum; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum crassilabium; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 as Epidendrum crassilabium; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Epidendrum vespa erroneous; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 7 1962 photo as Encyclia crassilabia; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum vespa; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium lineatum photo fide; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium variegatum photo fide; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium crassilabium photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendrum vespa drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 071 Dodson 1980 as Encyclia vespa not = A crassilabium drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 528 Dodson 1982 as Encyclia vespa not = A crassilabia drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 699 Dodson 1982; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 as Encyclia vespa photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia vespa drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 as Anacheilum vespa; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1429 Hagsater & Salazar 1992 as Encyclia vespa not = A crassilabium drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 8 1993 photo as E vespa; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 039 Bennett & Christenson 1993 as Encyclia vespa not = A crassilabia drawing fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 as Encyclia vespa; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 as Encyclia vespa photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Prosthechea crassilabia; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as Prosthechea vespa drawing/photo fide; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & larramendi 2005 as Protheschea vespa; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses II Castro 2006 as Protheschea pachysepalaOrquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 as Prosthechea vespa drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Prosthechea crassilabia; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 as Prosthechea crassilabia photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Prosthechea vespa not = A crassilabia photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal 2014;

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