Anacheilium fragrans (Sw.) Acuña 1938 Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl
Disected Flower Photo by © E Schnurr
Common Name The Fragrant Anacheilium
Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]
Collected in Jamaica in the cooler west central mountains where it blooms in summer on an apical, erect, short to 5" [to 10 cm], few to several [3 to 10] flowered, racemose, shorter than the leaves inflorescence arising on a newly matured pseudobulb subtended by a large basal bract and is quite fragrant [honey and Vanilla]. They also are found from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leewards, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in lowland tropical rainforests to lower montane forests up to 2000 meters in altitude as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with cylindric to fusiform, narrowly ovoid pseudobulbs with basal bracts that become papery with age and a single, coriaceous, ligulate oblong to narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse leaf which blooms mostly in the winter and spring, but is possible in all seasons with a well grown plant.
It grows best mounted on wood with cool to warm temperatures and is medium in size.
The major difference here between A fragrans and A aemulum is that A aemulum blooms on a newly maturing, ovoid [not tapered] pseudobulb.
This species is often confused with A chacoense which has 2 apical leaves
Synonyms Encyclia fragrans [Swartz] Lemee 1955; Epidendrum cochleatum Curtiss; Epidendrum cordatum Ruiz & Pav. 1798; *Epidendrum fragrans Sw. 1788; Epidendrum fragrans var. ionoleucum Hoffm. ex Barb Rod 1881; Epidendrum fragrans var. magnum Stein. 1892; Epidendrum fragrans var. pachupus Schlechter 1922; Epidendrum ionoleucum Hoffm. ex Rchb.f 1852; Epidendrum lineatum G. Salisb. 1796; Epidendrum vaginatum Sesse & Mocino 1894; Hormidium fragran [Sw] Brieger 1961; Prosthechea fragrans (Sw.) W. E. Higgins 1997
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Prodr.: 123. 1788 as Epidendrum fragrans; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum fragans; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum fragrans; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as Epidendrum fragrans; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum fragrans photo good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum fragrans drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 32. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Epidendrum fragrans; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 32. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Epidendrum fragrans var pachypus; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum fragrans; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as Epidendrum fragrans; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum cordatum; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidendrum fragrans; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidendrum fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 as Epidendrum fragrans;Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 10 1966 as Epidendrum fragrans; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as Epidendrum fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as Epidendrum fragrans; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum fragrans drawing fide; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium fragrans photo ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Epidendrum fragrans drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum fragrans; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band I Pabst & Dungs 1975 as Epidendrum fragrans; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1976 as Encyclia fragrans; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendrum fragrans drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama Williams 1980 as Epidendrum fragrans; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 690 Dodson 1982 as Encyclia fragrans drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as excluded species Encyclia fragrans; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Corell 1985 as Epidendrum fragrans; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as Encyclia fragrans photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 photo as Epidendrum fragrans; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia fragrans drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo not = A venezuelana; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1992 as Encyclia fragrans; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1425 Mora & Atwood 1992 as Encyclia fragrans drawing fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 as Encyclia fragrans; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchds Pridgeon 1992 as Encyclia fragrans; A Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as Encyclia fragrans; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 6 COS 1998 errata = A venezuelana; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002 as Protheschea fragrans; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as Prosthechea fragrans drawwing fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004 as Protheschea fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004 photo as Protheschea fragrans; The Orchids Of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Protheschea fragrans; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 as Protheschea fragrans; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Prosthechea fragrans; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Prosthechea fragrans photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Prosthechea fragrans photo fide;