Anguloa clowesii Lindley 1844

Flower Closeup

Plant and Pollinator Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Valerie Henderson


Common Name Cradle or Tulip Orchid - Clowes Anguloa [English Orchid Enthusiast early 1800's]

Flower Size 3 1/4" long [8 cm]

A large terrestrial sometimes epiphytic plant with large, clustered, conical-pyriform, sulcate, slightly compressed pseudobulbs with 3 to 4, deciduous, apical, plicate, obovate or elliptical, obtuse leaves found at elevations of 1800 to 2500 meters, commonly called the Cradle Orchid, as it has a rocking lip, which is enclosed completely by the sepals and petals as in a tulip which gives the plant it's other common name the Tulip Orchid. It is found in Colombia and Venezuela on the eastern slope of the Andes next to the Llanos and is a cool to cold growing orchid that has large, waxy, highly fragrant, solitary flowers smelling of wintergreen and chocolate occuring from the spring through the summer on an erect, 12" [30 cm] long, sheathed, often 2 inflorescence holding the flowers at mid-leaf height that arise basally as the new growths appear in the late winter.

It is a deciduous plant and will drop it's leaves in the fall, at that time less water is needed and fertilizer should be curtailed. Watch out for fungus through the winter if kept too wet!

Synonyms Anguloa clowesii var. aurea A.DC. ex Oakeley 1999; Anguloa clowesii var. flava A.DC. 1847

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:83 Schlechter 1924; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 drawing; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 2 1979 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 7 1982 photo; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Orquideologia Vol 16 No 1 1983; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 1 1987 photo; Venezuelan Orchids Dunsterville 1987 drawing/photo fide; Simon & Schuster's Guide to Orchids Fanfani & Rossi 1988; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 drawing good; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 6 1999 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 4 2000 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Las Orquedias del Tachira Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002; Flora's Orchids Nash and La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 6 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 1 2007 photo; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008 photo; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa, The Essential Guide Oakley 2008 photos fide; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa, The Essential Guide Oakley 2008 as A clowesii var flava photos fide; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medellin Colombia Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideologia 2014 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo fide;