!Anguloa uniflora Ruiz and Pavon 1798

Partially dissected flower

Inflorescence Photos by Dr Henry Oakley

Another Flower Photo by Jay Pfahl

and

Common Name The Single-Flowered Anguloa

Flower Size 4" long [10 cm]

A large sized, robust, cool to cold growing terrestrial species found at elevations of 1400 to 2500 meters from Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests in deep shade and in deep leaf mold, with clustered, generally dark green with a satiny surface, longitudinally grooved pseudobulbs enveloped basally by 3 to 5, smaller, leaflike sheaths and carrying 2, apical, plicate, elliptical, leaves that blooms after the deciduous leaves fall in summer until early fall on an erect, 6 to 10" [15 to 25 cm] long, often 2, inflorescence with 5 to 7 graduated, inflated, large bracts with ovate, acuminate, subinflated floral bracts all arising basally as the new growths appear in the late winter and has a solitary, tulip-like, fleshy, fragrant, long lasting flower held at mid-leaf height.

The plant is generally leafless come blooming time so the new growth has the only leaves on the plant.

Synonyms Anguloa mantini hort. 1895; Anguloa uniflora var. treyeranii Rolfe 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1953; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing not = A tognetiae; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 2 1979 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing not = A tognetiae; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 402 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0007 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing hmm; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 1 COS 1990 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 drawing/photo fide; Native Colombian Orchid Vol 5 COS 1994 photo hmm; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo not = A eburnea; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 4 2000 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 605 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 10 2008 photo; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa The Essential Guide Oakley 2008 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photos fide

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