Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl. 1832

Photo by Chaiwat Tang


Photo by Michael Dorris

Deep shadeHot TO CoolFall

Common Name Roxburgh's Anoectochilus [English Botanical Director in India 1800's] - In China Jin Xian Lan - In Thailand Wan mai na

Flower Size less than 3/4" [less than 1.85 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, western Himalayas, Bhutan, Thailand, Laos, Yunnan province of China, Vietnam, Java and Sumatra in shady broadleafed, evergreen, humid primary forests in soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses at elevations of 300 to 1800 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid in rich humus in damp crevasses with subcordate to ovate-acute, velvety, dark lime-green reticulated with gold leaves that are purple black on the underside that blooms in the fall on an erect, peduncle 2.8 to 6" [7 to 15 cm] long, provided with 2 to 3 pinkish, sterile bracts, glandular-pubescent, 8" [20 cm] long, 2 to 10 [rarely single] flowered inflorescence with pinkish, ovate, 1 to 3 veined, glandular pubescent dorsally, shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate flowers .

Synonyms Anoectochilus latomaculatus Blume 1859; Anoectochilus lobbianus Planch. 1849; Anoectochilus regalis var. cordatus (B.S.Williams) B.S.Williams 1885; Anoectochilus regalis var. grandiflorus (B.S.Williams) B.S.Williams 1885; Anoectochilus setaceus var. cordatus B.S.Williams 1862; Anoectochilus setaceus var. grandiflorus B.S.Williams 1862; Anoectochilus xanthophyllus R.H. Torr. ex Rolfe 1887; Chrysobaphus roxburghii Wall. 1826; Zeuxine roxburghii (Wall.) M.Hiroe 1971

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1958 drawing; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitnand 1959 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitnand 1959 as A siamensis not drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidefaden & Smitnand 1965 corrections drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 2 1962 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen #5 17-20 tafel 6 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing soso; Botanisk Tidsskrift Bind 66 Hefte 4 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand III Seidenfaden 1971 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 6 1973 photo plant only; Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northern 1988; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo good; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 1 1999 photo plant only; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo not; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 leaves only photo hmm; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 11 2009 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Terrestrial Orchids Naresh Swami 2016 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide