!Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967 Photo by Piotr Markiewicz

Plant and Flowers in situ Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

toLATE to EARLY

Common Name Robert's Barlia [French Orchid Collector 1800's]

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3.25 cm]

Found as a medium sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial in Libbya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Balaeric Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy, Yugoslavia, the Aegean Islands, Greece, Cyprus and Turkey where it is found on grassy hillsides, in woodland clearings and among scrub at elevations of sealevel to 1100 meters with large ovoid or ellipsoid tubers and 5 to 10 oblong-elliptic, acute or obtuse, glossy green leaves that blooms in the late winter and early spring on a short to 4 to 6" [10 to 15 cm] long, cylindric, densely many flowered, racemose inflorescence with bracts that exceed the flowers and carries fragrant, nodding, campanulate flowers, after which it needs a drier summer followed by a wetter winter after the new growth appears.

CAUTION Many references cite this species as a synonym of Himantoglossum robertianum

Synonyms Aceras longibracteata Rchb. fil. 1833; Barlia longibractea (Rchb.f) Parlatore 1858; Himantoglossum longibracteatum (Rchb.f.) Schlechter 1914; Himantoglossum longibracteatum var. gallicum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1928; Himantoglossum longibracteatum var. siculum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1928; Himantoglossum robertianum (Loisel.) P.Delforge 1999; Himantoglossum robertianum f. candidum (So) F.M.Vzquez 2009; Himantoglossum robertianum f. gallicum (Lindl.) F.M.Vzquez 2009; Himantoglossum robertianum f. siculum (Lindl.) F.M.Vzquez 2009; Loroglossum longibracteatum (Rchb.f) Mori ?; Orchis foliosa Masson ex Ker Gawl. 1819; Orchis fragrans Ten. 1811 ;. Orchis longebracteata F.W. Schmidt 1791; Orchis longibracteata Bivona-Bernardi 1806; Orchis longibracteata var. gallica Lindl. 1835; Orchis longibracteata var. sicula Lindl. 1835; *Orchis robertiana Loisel. 1807

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Himantoglossum longibracteatum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Aceras longibracteata drawing fide; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Himantoglossum robertianum; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchds Pridgeon 1992; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as Himantoglossum robertianum

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------