Bifrenaria aureo-fulva [Hooker] Lindley 1843 SECTION Stenocoryne

Side View Photos by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Species Photo Website

Striped Flower Variety Photo by Oliver Lenhard

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Common Name The Golden-Red-Yellow Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

This one bounces back and forth to Stenocoryne so the info is in both spots

A small sized, hot to cool growing epiphytic orchid from central to southern coastal Brazil found at elevations of 200 to 1500 meters in mountainous rain forests, with conic-tetragonic pseudobulbs that are initially enveloped basally by leafless sheaths, becoming bare in time. They carry a single, apical, coriaceous, plicate, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate leaf that blooms in the summer on a basal, erect to pendulous, 5 to 12" [12 to 30 cm] long, few to several [3 to 15] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb and carries nodding, fragrant blooms.

This species can be mounted on tree fern, or in a pot with a fast draining medium, cool to warm temperatures, bright light and plenty of water while growing and a dry rest in the winter.

Synonyms Adipe aureofulva (Hook.) M. Wolfe 1990; Bifrenaria secunda [Vell.] Hoehne 1967; Epidendrum secundum Vell. 1881; *Maxillaria aureo-fulva Hooker 1838; Maxillaria stenopetala Knowles & Westcott 1838; Stenocoryne aureofulva [Hooker]Kraenzl. 1896; Stenocoryne secunda [Vell]Hoehne 1944

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne secunda drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1987 as Stenocoryne secunda; Flora Brasilica Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne secunda; Orchidaceae Brasilense Pabst & Dungs 1970; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1982; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 as Adipe aureofulva drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses I Plate 003 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 2 Encyclias Campacci 2003; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; Orchidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Vol 4 Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo fide;

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