!Bletia catenulata Ruiz & Pavon 1798

Plant and Flowers in situ Brazil Photos by L C Menezes

Another Flower Photo by Stefan Paeffgen

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Common Name The Chain-Shaped Bletia

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil on embankments, landslides and open clearings in the wet montane forests as well as swampy locations at altitudes of 200 to 2500 meters as a large sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial orchid with plicate, deciduous, narrowly linear-lanceolate leaves and tightly clustered, depressed-subglobose corms with basal, foliaceous sheaths that blooms in the spring and summer on a basal, 18" to 4' [45 cm to 120 cm] long, erect to arching, racemose or rarely one branched inflorescence with 3 to 9, resupinate, successively opening flowers arising from the middle of the side of an older pseudobulb.

Synonyms Bletia catenulata f. alba (L.C.Menezes) Meneguzzo 2010; Bletia catenulata f. caerulea (L.C.Menezes) F.Barros & J.A.N.Bat. 2004; Bletia catenulata var. alba L.C.Menezes 2003; Bletia catenulata var. caerulea L.C.Menezes 1993; Bletia ecuadorensis Schltr. 1916; Bletia repanda Ruiz & Pav. 1798; Bletia rodriguesii Cogn. 1901; Bletia sanguinea Poepp & Endl. 1836; Bletia sherrattiana Batem. ex Lindley 1867; Bletia watsoni Hort. 1894; Epidendrum octandrum Vell. 1831; Epistephium herzogianum Kraenzl. 1908; Regnellia purpurea Barb. Rodr. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B sherrattiana; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II Hoehne 1945 as Epistephium catanulata; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as B rodriguesii drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960; Orchids of Peru Vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960 as B repanda; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as B rodriguezii photo plant only; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Ochidaceae Garay & Sweet 1974; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawings fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 12 1980 photo not = B; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 15 881 - 944 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1984 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb, Laurent 1992 photo ok; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1993; Icones Orcidacearum Peruviarum Plate 004 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 1 Dodson 1993 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993 as B catenulata var caerulea photo fide; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateua Menezes 2004 photo fide; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005 drawing fide; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 Epidendroideae Part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #3 2010 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #4 2015 drawing fide;