Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 Photos courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Deep shade Warm Cool fall

Common Name Steudner's Bonatea [German Plant Collector in East Africa [1800's]

Flower Size

Found in Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Natal South Africa in dry woodlands at elevations of 900 to 1100 meters as a large to giant sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with an erect leafy stem carrying 7, ovate, acute to apiculate, not overlapping, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the fall on an erect, faily lax, 3 to 30 flowered inflorescence with scarious bracts and spreading flowers

Synonyms Bicornella arabica Deflers 1889; Bonatea arabica (Deflers) Cortesi 1905; Bonatea eminii (Kraenzl.) Rolfe 1898; Bonatea kayseri (Kraenzl.) Rolfe 1898; Bonatea philippsii (Rolfe) Rolfe 1898; Bonatea pirottae Cortesi 1904; Bonatea sudanensis Rolfe 1910; Bonatea ugandae Rolfe 1906; Habenaria arabica (Deflers) Kraenzl. 1897; Habenaria ecaudata Kraenzl. 1895; Habenaria eminii Kraenzl. 1894; Habenaria kayseri Kraenzl. 1894; Habenaria philippsii Rolfe 1895 ;*Habenaria steudneri Rchb.f. 1881; Habenaria sudanense [Rolfe] Schlechter 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as Habenaria steudneri; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Bonatea ugandae; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Bonatea kayseri drawing fide; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo fide; Flora Of Tropical East Africa Vol 1 Summerhayes 1968 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #4 1975; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 #11 1978 photo fideFlore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 drawing fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995 drawing/photo Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation Le Croix 1997; Flora Zambesiaca Volume 11 Part 1 Pope 1998; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/drawing fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 drawing fide