!Brassavola cucullata [L.] R.Br. 1813 SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Brassavola

Plant and Flower Photo by © Milan Vágner

Another FlowerPhoto courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Flowering plant in situ in Mexico Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey

toto

Common Name Hooded Brassavola

Flower Size 7" [17.5 cm]

One to two flowered, epiphytic plant that smells somewhat skunky at night, grows best mounted on wood and comes from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia and Peru as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or lithophyte of coastal rainforests at elevations up to 1800 meters with erect to ascending, slender, terete, jointed stems enveloped by white, scarious, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, linear-subulate, terete, fleshy coriaceous leaf that blooms from summer till autumn on a short to 8" [20 cm] long peduncle that is borne at the junction of the single leaf and terete stem.

Flowers that appear later in it's season and exposed to a cold snap will have a redder appearance.

This is the type species for the genus.

B appendiculata A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845 has been proposed for similar orchids occuring in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua which have a larger mid lobe to the lip but this seems to be too little to separate them from the larger population so I have kept them together.

Synonyms Bletia cucullata (L.) Rchb. f. 1861; Bletia cucullata var. cuspidata (Hook.) Rchb.f. 1862; Brassavola appendiculata A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. var cuspidata [Hkr.] LIndley 1887; Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. var elegans Schlechter 1919; Brassavola cuspidata Hooker 1839; Brassavola elongata Hort. 1954; Brassavola odorattissima Regel 1852; Cymbidium cucullatum Sw. 1799; *Epidendrum cucullatum L. 1763

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as B cuspidata; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as B cuspidata; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia cucullata; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Orchids of Malaya Holtum 1953; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Dunsterville & Gary 1979; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 620 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1982; Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Orchids of Guatemala & Belize Ames & Correwll 1985; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photos fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 12 1993 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 2 1994 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol V Withner 1998 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glenn 2002; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 5 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 10 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szatchetko, Veyret etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------