!Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859 SECTION Bromheadia

Flower Closeup

Detail of Rhachis Photos courtesy of Peter O'Byrne,Jaap Vermeulen, André Schuiteman and Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part shadeCool to Hot Spring Summer Fall

Common Name or Meaning Finlayson's Bromheadia [English Orchid Collector India 1800's] - In Thailand - Tan kamoi

Flower Size 3.2" [8 cm]

Found in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea and the Philippines in open scrub and light montane forests at elevations of 50 to 1500 meters as a large to giant sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with close set stems that are basally sheathed with leaves exept at the near apex and the base with 1 to 1/2" [2 to 3 cm] betweeen each strap shaped, shallowly bilobed apically, sometimes unequal lobed, gradually narrowing below into the clasping base leaves that all twist to face in one direction and blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a terminal, to 6" [to 15 cm] long, rarely branching, to almost 50, successively a few at a time flowered, fractiflex inflorescence with triangular, persistent, 2 ranked, floral bracts carrying wide open flowers.

The roots are boiled and the broth is taken by mouth to help prevent rheumatism and joint pains

Synonyms Bromheadia finlaysoniana var. palustris (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1911; Bromheadia finlaysoniana var. sylvestris [Ridl.] Holttum 1953; Bromheadia palustris Lindl. 1841; Bromheadia palustris var. papuana J.J.Sm. 1909; Bromheadia sylvestris Ridl. 1891; Coelogyne caulescens Griff. 1851; *Grammatophyllum finlaysonianum Lindl. 1833

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B palustris; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as B palustris drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Holttum 1957 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing as B palustris; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Die Orchideen lieferung 23 Schlechter/Brieger 1990 drawing fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing good; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchid Monographs Vol 8 Kruiz. & de Vogel 1997 drawing fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide

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