Bulbophyllum calyptratum Kraenzl. 1895 SECTION Megaclinium G A Fischer & J J Verm in prep. Photos by Vincent Droissart and His Orchidaceae of Central Africa WebsiteCopyright

Floral Closeup? Photo by Lourens Grobler

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Common Name The Hooded Bulbophyllum

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found in Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Zaire at lower elevations to 1000 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing medium sized epiphyte with angled, somewhat compressed pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrow linear-lanceolate to narrowly linear, obtuse, emarginate, oblique leaves and blooms on an erect, spreading, wide, flat, 3' [90 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with small, distichous flowers appearing on either side of the flattened rachis

The type variety is distinguished from the others by the flower only turned towards the blade of the rhachis when first opening then going erect to reflexed after maturation.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum buchenauianum (Kraenzl.) De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum calyptratum var. graminifolium (Summerh.) J.J.Verm. 1986; Bulbophyllum calyptratum var. lucifugum (Summerh.) J.J.Verm. 1987; Bulbophyllum graminifolium Summerh. 1957; Bulbophyllum intermedium De Wild. 1916; Bulbophyllum lindleyi [Rolfe] Schlechter 1914; *Bulbophyllum lucifugum Summerh. 1957; Megaclinium buchenauianum Kraenzl. 1905; Megaclinium intermedium De Wild. 1916; Megaclinium lepturum Kraenzl. 1916; Megaclinium lindleyi Rolfe 1897; Megaclinium maximum Lindl. 1837

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B lindleyi; Encyclopedia of C Cultivated Orchids Hawkews 1965 as B lindleyi; Orchid Monographs Vol 2 - A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermeullen 1987 photo/drawing fide; Bulbophyllums and Their Allies Seigerist 2001; Genera Orchidaceaerum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae Part 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015 drawing/photo fide

Bulbophyllum calyptratum var. graminifolium (Summerh.) J.J.Verm. 1986 Photo by Bernard Macdonald and Orchids Online Australia Website

This variety is separated most by the terete, erect to arching inflorescence

References Orchid Monographs Vol 2 - A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermeullen 1987 photo/drawing fide

Bulbophyllum calyptratum var. lucifugum (Summerh.) J.J.Verm. 1987

Bulbophyllum calyptratum var. lucifugum (Summerh.) J.J.Verm. 1987 Photos by Karl Senghas and The Swiss Orchid Foundation a the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

This variety is separated by the pendulous, blade like apex inflorescence that often flowers below the substrate of the plat and the flowers turned downwards towards the blade all the time

References Orchid Monographs Vol 2 - A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermeullen 1987 photo/drawing fide; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015

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