Bulbophyllum cariniflorum Rchb. f. 1861 SECTION Lemniscata Pfitz 1889

Plant and Flower

Photos by Rudi Hromniak and his and his Orchid Webpage

FragranceFull shadeCoolColdSummer

Common Name The Keeled Flower Bulbophyllum [Refers to the keeled lateral sepals] - In China Jian Ye Shi Dou Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas Nepal, Bhutan, India, Thailand to Vietnam and southern China at elevations around 1100 to 2100 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with 5 angled, deeply grooved, squat pseudobulbs carrying a 2 to 3, apical, elliptic, acute leaves that blooms in the summer on a basal, erect, 6" [15 cm] long, subdensely 10 to 20 flowered, deflexed inflorescence with foetid smelling flowers.

Easily distinguished from others in the Section by the presence of 2, large leaves at blooming. It is similar to B triste but it flowers in the spring from a basal, leafless pseudobulb.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum densiflorum Rolfe 1892; Bulbophyllum pantlingii Lucksom 1993 publ. 1994

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as syn of B biseta not; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 33 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand VIII Bulbophyllum Thou Seidenfaden 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Orchids of Northwest Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Siegerist 2001; Orchids Of India II Biodiversity & Status of Bulbophyllum Thou Augustine & Kumar 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as B pantlingii; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide; Phytotaxa 369 (1) Averyanov etal 2018: New species of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) as B cariniflorum var orlovii, photo drawing fide