Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861 SECTION Brachyantha Rchb.f 1861

Photo by Stefan Paeffgen


Photo by David Morris


Common Name Macrae's Bulbophyllum [English Plant Collector in Brazil early 1800's] - In China Wu Lai Juan Ban Lan

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Sri Lanka, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam and India at elevations of 300 to 1500 meters as a large to giant sized, hot to cool growing lithophyte on mossy limestone rocks or occasional epiphyte on tree trunk bases with closely clustered, oblong pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblong, deep green, lustrous, thickly coriaceous leaf that blooms in the summer on a slender, basal, just longer than the leaf, 4 to 8" [10 to 20 cm] long, 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence carrying the flowers in an apical umbel.

This species requires hot to cool temperatures, high humidity, good air circulation, light shade and ample water throughout the year

Synonyms Bulbophyllum autumnale (Fukuy.) S.S. Ying 1974; Bulbophyllum boninense Makino 1912; Bulbophyllum formosanum (Rolfe) K.Nakaj. 1973; Bulbophyllum macraei var. autumnale (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977; Bulbophyllum makinoanum [Schlechter] Masam. 1930; Bulbophyllum tanegasimense Masasum. 1968; Bulbophyllum urainse Hayata 1914; Cirrhopetalum autumnale Kukuy. 1935; Cirrhopetalum boninense Makino 1919; Cirrhopetalum formosanum Rolfe 1914; *Cirrhopetalum macraei Lindl. 1830; Cirrhopetalum makinoanum Schlechter 1919; Cirrhopetalum tanegasimense [Mas.]Masasum. 1970; Cirrhopetalum urainse Hayata 1914; Cirrhopetalum walkerianum Wight 1851; Phyllorchis macraei Ktze. 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfaden 1973 drawing fide; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfaden 1973 as Bubophyllum formosanum drawing ok plant only; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Taiwan Lin 1975 drawing fide/photo good; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Bulbophyllums and Their Allies Seigerist 2001; Orchids Of India II Biodiversity & Status of Bulbophyllum Thou Augustine & Kumar 2001; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc & Hiep 2003; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok/photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Lin & Wang 2014 photo fide; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;