Bulbophyllum minutissimum F. Muell. 1878 SECTION Minutissima Pfitzer 1888

TYPE for the section

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Jim Cootes

SECTION Minutissima Pfitzer 1888 TYPE

Part shadeHot To WarmSpring

Common Name The Smallest Bulbophyllum - In Australia The Red Bead Orchid

Flower Size .16" [4mm]

Found in Queensland and New South Wales Australia at elevations of 20 to 500 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with crowded, round, flattened, usually reddish to green pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, linear, scale-like, curved leaf that blooms in the spring on an erect, thread-like, .12" [3 mm] long, single flowered inflorescence.

It has come to my attention that for many years I have had this species and B moniliforme confused and have said they are synomonous, nothing could be farther from the truth as the photos supplied attest. Kew along with many other major orchid references have these 2 as the same species - please take note that they are indeed separate. One major difference other than the flower is the fact that this one blooms with its leaf intact, B moniliforme always drops it leaf before blooming. I am sorry for the mistake that has been fostered for so long.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum moniliforme F Mueller 1878 not B moniliforme Par & Reich 1874; Dendrobium minutissimum F.Muell. 1866; Oncophyllum minutissimum (F.Muell.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2001; Phyllorchis minutissima (F.Muell.) Kuntze 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of New South Wales Rupp 1969; Orchids of Australia Nicholls 1969 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980; Miniature Orchids McQueen 1992 photo fide; Bulbophyllums and Their Allies Seigerist 2001; A Complete Guide to the Native Orchids Of Australia Jones 2006 as Oncophyllum minutissimum photo good; A Compendium of Miniature Orchid Species Gerritsen and Parsons 2013; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroideae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb Chase & Ramussen 2014;