Bulbophyllum odoratum (Blume) Lindl. 1830 SECTION Stachysanthes (Bl.) J.J. Verm. & P. O’Byrne 2008

Inflorescence Photos by © Art Vogel

to EARLY

Common Name The Scented Bulbophyllum

Flower Size .2" [.5 cm]

Found in Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isl., Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and the Philippines in lowland and lower montane forests in exposed locations along riversides, in open forests and in ant's nest in humus either on the ground or on trees at elevations of 900 to 2400 meters as a small sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte or occasional lithophyte with 1 to 2 3/4" [2.5 to 6.5 cm] between each discoid, not flattened, short, pseudobulb completely enveloped by several imbricating, scarious sheaths and carrying a single apical, thick, elliptic, medium to dark green, gradually narrowing below into the elongate, conduplicate base leaf that blooms in the fall on a basal, pendant, 12" to 28" [30 to 70 cm] long, many flowered, racemose inflorescence with the peduncle completely enveloped by several, tight, tubular, acuminate, imbricating sheaths and the rhachis carrying 60 to 150, sweetly [mostly], sometimes nocturnal scented, triangular flowers that can be from green to yellow.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum braccatum Rchb.f. 1877; Bulbophyllum brookesii Ridl. 1908; Bulbophyllum crassicaudatum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920; Bulbophyllum deceptum Ames 1915; Bulbophyllum elatius Ridl. 1896; Bulbophyllum hortense J.J.Sm. 1913; Bulbophyllum mindanaense Ames 1912; Bulbophyllum niveum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1912; Bulbophyllum odoratum var. grandiflorum J.J.Sm. 1919; Bulbophyllum odoratum var. niveum J.J.Sm. 1905; Bulbophyllum polyarachne Ridl. 1917; Bulbophyllum subverticillatum Ridl. 1925; Bulbophyllum tylophorum Schltr. 1911; *Diphyes odorata Blume 1825; Phyllorchis odorata (Blume) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as B braccatum; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo Fide; Orchids of Borneo Vol 2 Vermuellen 1991 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Siegrist 2001; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Bulbophyllum of Sulawesi Vermeullen & O'Byrne 2011 drawing/photo fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; Bulbophyllum of Borneo J J Verm, P O'Byrne and Lamb 2015 photos/drawing fide;

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