Bulbophyllum falcatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861 SECTION Megaclinium Summerh. 1935 TYPE Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Closeup of flower Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi Vortex Orchid Pages

Super Floral Closeup Photo courtesy of Nick Doe

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Common Name Sickle-Shaped Leaf Bulbophyllum

Flower Size up to 1/2" [up to [1.2 cm]

Mini flowers on the side of a pea pod, needs to be magnified to truly enjoy, blooms in winter till spring on a 6 1/4" [to 16 cm] long, spicate inflorescence with a very flattened, strongly undulate, rachis with short-stalked flowers horizontally aligned on either side and comes from central to west Africa in lowland and submontane forests where it is a hot growing, bifoliate epiphyte or occasional lithophyte at altitudes below 1800 meters with broadly to narrowly ovoid, 2 to 4 angled pseudobulbs carrying 2 apical, lanceolate or linear leaves.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum arnoldianum (De Wild.) De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum bakossorum Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum brixhei De Wild. 1916; Bulbophyllum bufo (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Bulbophyllum dahlemense Schltr. 1919; Bulbophyllum deistelianum (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum falcatum var. bufo (Lindl.) Govaerts 1996; Bulbophyllum falcatum var. velutinum (Lindl.) J.J.Verm. 1992; Bulbophyllum fractiflexum Kraenzl. 1912; Bulbophyllum hemirhachis Pfitzer 1908; Bulbophyllum kewense Schltr. 1914; Bulbophyllum lanuriense De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum leptorrhachis Schlechter 1905; Bulbophyllum longibulbum Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum lubiense De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum melanorrhachis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1875; Bulbophyllum millenii (Rolfe) Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum minutum (Rolfe) Engl. 1908; Bulbophyllum minutum var. purpureum (De Wild.) De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum oxyodon Rchb.f 1888; Bulbophyllum rhizophorae Lindl. 1861; Bulbophyllum seretii De Wild. 1916; Bulbophyllum simonii Summerh. 1935; Bulbophyllum solheidii De Wild. 1916; Bulbophyllum ugandae (Rolfe) De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum velutinum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Megaclinium arnoldianum De Wild. 1905; Megaclinium angustum Rolfe 1922; Megaclinium brixhei De Wild. 1916; Megaclinium bufo Lindl.1841; Megaclinium deistelianum Kraenzl. 1902; Megaclinium endotrachys Kraenzel 1905; *Megaclinium falcatum Lindley 1826; Megaclinium gentilii De Wild. 1902; Megaclinium hemirhachis Pfitzer 1908; Megaclinium lanuriense De Wild. 1921; Megaclinium lasianthum Kraenzl. 1912; Megaclinium melanorrhachis Rchb.f. 1875; Megaclinium millenii Rolfe 1897; Megaclinium minutum Rolfe 1893; Megaclinium minutum var. purpureum De Wild. 1911 ; Megaclinium oxyodon Rchb. f. 1888; Megaclinium seretii De Wild. 1916; Megaclinium solheidii De Wild. 1916; Megaclinium ugandae Rolfe 1913; Megaclinium velutinum Lindl. 1847; Phyllorchis bufo (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Phyllorchis falcata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Phyllorchis rhizophorae (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Phyllorchis velutina (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B kewense; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as B rhizophorae; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Megaclinium minutum drawing fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Megaclinium falcatum drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 as Megaclinium bufo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as B rhizophorae; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo ok; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1981 photo fide; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 13 Schlechter/Brieger 1983;Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984; Orchid Monographs Vol 2 A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermuellen 1987 drawing/photo fide; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 10 2001 photo; Bulbophyllums and Their Allies Seigerist 2001 as B bufo; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Seigerist 2001; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Siegerist 2001 as B velutinum; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2001; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; Miniature Orchids Frownie 2007; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Bulbophyllum: the incomplete Guide From A to why? Bill Thoms 2009 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroideae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb Chase & Ramussen 2014; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015 drawing/photo fide

Bulbophyllum falcatum [Lindley] Rchb.f 1861 var bufo Vermeulen Photos courtesy of Rudi Hromniak and his and his Orchid Webpage

Dorsal View of Inflorescence

Side View of Inflorescence

Plant and Flowers Photos courtesy of Rudi Hromniak and his and his Orchid Webpage

Found in Sierra Leone, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Zaire and Uganda at elevations of sealevel to 500 meters as a hot to warm growing epiphyte with conical pseudobulbs carrying two, apical, elliptic, acute leaf that blooms on a basal, 12" [30 cm][ long, several to many flowered inflorescence.

The rachis is slightly longer to 11" + [28 cm long], petals ovate, not thickened towards the apex, with successive, few at a time, yellow to white flowers with red-purple spots

Synonyms Bulbophyllum bakossorum Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum bufo (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Bulbophyllum deistelianum (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum longibulbum Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum lubiense De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum seretii De Wild. 1916; Megaclinium bufo Lindl.1841; Megaclinium deistelianum Kraenzl. 1902; Megaclinium gentilii De Wild. 1902; Megaclinium seretii De Wild. 1916; Phyllorchis bufo (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Monographs Vol 2 A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermuellen 1987 photo/drawing fide; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Siegerist 2001; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1996; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015 as B bufo drawing/photo fide

Bulbophyllum falcatum var. velutinum (Lindl.) J.J.Verm. 1992 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Found in Sierra Leone, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, the Gulf of Guinea Islands, Zaire and Rwanda

Synonyms Bulbophyllum arnoldianum (De Wild.) De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum brixhei De Wild. 1916; Bulbophyllum fractiflexum Kraenzl. 1912; Bulbophyllum kewense Schltr. 1914; Bulbophyllum lanuriense De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum melanorrhachis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1875; Bulbophyllum millenii (Rolfe) Schltr. 1905; Bulbophyllum minutum var. purpureum (De Wild.) De Wild. 1921; Bulbophyllum rhizophorae Lindl. 1861; Bulbophyllum simonii Summerh. 1935; Bulbophyllum velutinum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861; Megaclinium angustum Rolfe 1922; Megaclinium arnoldianum De Wild. 1905; Megaclinium brixhei De Wild.1916; Megaclinium lanuriense De Wild. 1921; Megaclinium lasianthum Kraenzl. 1912; Megaclinium melanorrhachis Rchb.f. 1875; Megaclinium millenii Rolfe 1897; Megaclinium minutum Rolfe 1893; Megaclinium minutum var. purpureum De Wild. 1911; Megaclinium solheidii De Wild. 1916; *Megaclinium velutinum Lindl. 1847; Phyllorchis rhizophorae (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Monographs Vol 2 A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermuellen 1987 photo/drawing fide; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Siegerist 2001; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1996; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015 as B velutinum drawing/photo fide

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