!Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 SECTION Brachyantha Rchb.f 1861

TYPE for the section Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders

to

Common Name The Umbrella Bulbophyllum - In China San Hua Juan Ban Lan

Flower Size 1 to 1 1/2" Long [2.5 to 3.75 cm]

Found in the western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, southern China and Vietnam in humid, mossy, mixed and coniferous forests on mossy branches in old, dwarf, gnarled trees at elevations of 1000 to 2200 meters as a miniature sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with .4 to .8" between each ovoid to broadly conical, rugose pseudobulbs enveloped basally by a fibrous sheath and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, narrowly elliptic, emarginate, petiolate base leaf that blooms on a slender, to 8" [20 cm] long, basal, few [5 to 8] flowered inflorescence that is just shorter than the leaf and has an apical umbel of foul smelling flowers occuring in the spring.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum annamicum (Finet) T.B.Nguyen & D.H.Duong 1984; Bulbophyllum kontumense Gagnep. 1950; Bulbophyllum saruwatarii Hayata 1916; Bulbophyllum tibeticum Rolfe 1913; Bulbophyllum tortisepalum Guill 1954; Cirrhopetalum annamicum (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Cirrhopetalum bootenensis Griff. 1851; Cirrhopetalum guttulatum Wight non Hook. f. 1896; Cirrhopetalum maculosum Lindl. 1841; Cirrhopetalum maculosum var. frutescens Hook.f. 1890; Cirrhopetalum maculosum var. annamicum Finet 1909; Cirrhopetalum saruwatarii (Hayata) Hayata 1917; Phyllorchis maculosa (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Cirrhopetalum maculosum drawing ok; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Cirrhopetalum maculosum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfaden 1973 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Taiwan Lin 1975 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 2 1979 photo; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 4 1980 photo not as C maculosum; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 4 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 6 1983 photo; Orchids of Northwest Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchid Genera in Thailand VIII Bulbophyllum Thou. Seidenfadden 1990; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Nagaland Deorani & Naithani 1995 drawing good; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 3 2001 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 6 2001 photo; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Seigerist 2001 as B maculosum; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Seigerist 2001 as Cirrhopetalum umbellatum; Orchids Of India II Biodiversity & Status of Bulbophyllum Thou Augustine & Kumar 2001 drawing/photo ok; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Seigerist 2001; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc & Hiep 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as B maculosum; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2008 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Nyan Tun Taunggyi 2014 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Lin & Wang 2014

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