Calanthe hancockii Rolfe 1896 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Storczyki and the Orchid Website

Common Name Hancock's Calanthe [English Original Collector of species late 1800's early 1900's]- in China, Cha Chun Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 2" to 2.8" [5 to 7 cm]

Found in north Guangxi, southwestern sichuan, northwestern to southeastern Yunnan provinces of China and Myanmar in shady location in evergreen broad-leaved forests at elevations of 1000 to 3600 meters as a medium to large sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with conical pseudobulbs enveloped by 3 to 4 sheaths and carrying 3, not well developoed at blooming, not deciduous, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, abaxially puberulent, undulate margins, acute, gradually narrowing below into the elongate petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, as the leaves are arising, erect, densely short pubescent, rachis to 12" [30 cm] long, overall to 32" [to 80 cm] long, laxly 7 to 20 flowered inflorescence with persistent, narrowly lanceolate, glabrous floral bracts and carrying foul smelling, slightly nodding flowers.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;