Calanthe alpina Hook.f. ex Lindl. 1855 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Another Flower Aspect

Photo by Natsui

Common Name The Alpine Calanthe - In China Liu Su Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1.2 to 1.6" [2 to 4 cm]

Found in southern China, Japan, Taiwan, eastern Himalayas, Nepal and the western Himalayas in montane forests or on grassy slopes at elevations of 1500 to 4000 meters as a medium szied, cool to cold growing terrestrial with small, narrowly conical pseudobulbs carrying 3 elliptic to obovate-elliptic, glabrous leaves that blooms in the fall on an axillary, usually solitary, erect, sparsely short hairy, racemose, 1.2 to 4.8" [3 to 12 cm] long, 3 to 10 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Alismorkis alpina (Hook.f. ex Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe alpina var. fimbriata (Franch.) F.Maek. 1971; Calanthe buccinifera Rolfe ex Hemsl. 1892; Calanthe fimbriata Franch. 1887; Calanthe fimbriatomarginata Fukuy. 1934; Calanthe schlechteri H.Hara, 1933

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos ok; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;