Calanthe aristulifera Rchb.f. 1878 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Flowers in situ Japan

Photo by Takato NATSU

Part shadeCold Spring

Common Name The Small Spike Calanthe - in Japan Kirishima Ebine - In China Qiao Ju Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan and north Fujian, Guangdong, and north Guangxi provinces of China in damp places along valleys and in dense forests at elevations of 1000 to 2500 meters as a cold growing terrestrial with subovoid pseudobulbs enveloped by 3 to 4 sheaths and carrying 2 to 3, well developed at blooming, not deciduous, elliptic-oblanceolate, papery, acute, cuneate below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, puberulent, rachis 7.2" [18 cm] long, overall to 14" [35 cm] long, laxly 5 to 10 flowered inflorescence with persistent, glabrous, lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts

Synonyms Alismorchis aristulifera Kuntze 1891; Calanthe elliptica Hayata 1911; Calanthe furcata f. raishaensis (Hayata) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe kirishimensis Yatabe 1893; Calanthe raishaensis Hayata 1916;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing fide/photo good; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;