Calanthe biloba Lindley 1855 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Calanthe

Photo by Martin Epicphals Wikia Encyclopedia


Photo by Lourens Grobler


Drawing by The Orchid Album

Part shadecoolTo ColdFall andWinter

Common Name The Two Lobed Calanthe [refers to the lip] - In China Er Lie Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .8 to 1.4" [2 to 3.5 cm]

Found in southwestern China, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Myanmar and Thailand in thickets along streams at elevations of 1220 to 2800 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with clustered, stout, elongate, cylindric pseudobulbs carrying 4 to 6, unequal, broadly lanceolate to ovate, acute, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall on an axillary from the lowest leaf, peduncle to 13.6" [34 cm] long, pubescent, with 2 to 3 clasping, lanceolate, acuminate, sterile sheathing bracts, rachis to 6.4" [16 cm] long, 14.4" to 20" [36 to 50 cm] long, laxly to 8 flowered inflorecence with linear-lanceolate, acuminate, persistent floral bracts.

Synonyms Alismorchis biloba (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe biloba var. diptera Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe biloba var. obtusata C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 29 Nr 2 Seidenfaden 1975 drawing good; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;