Calanthe densiflora Lindl.1833 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Styloglossum Photo by Langfu Wang and My Flowers Website

Plant and Flower

Flowers Photo by Admiral Schnitz and his P-base Orchid Photo Site

Drawing Photo by Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Drawing from "The Orchids of the Sikkim-Himalaya" King And Pantling

Part shade CoolColdFall

Common Name The Densely Flowered Calanthe - In China Mi Hua Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in northeastern India, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Taiwan and Vietnam in broad leaved mixed forests and along streamsides and valleys at elevations of 1000 to 3000 meters as a medium to just large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a wavy, fusiform, fibrous rhizome with roots widely spaced and giving rise to 2 to 3, plicate, prominently 5 veined below, narrowly elliptic to oblong-elliptic, acute to acuminate, narrowing into the grooved petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall arising from the apex of the rhizome, short, globose-corymbose to cylindric, 4 to 8.4" [10 to 21 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence enveloped by tubular, inflated, avate, acute sheaths and carrying cauducous, elliptic-lanceolate, acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Alismorchis densiflora (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe kazuoi Yamam.1930; Phaius epiphyticus Seidenf. 1985; Styloglossum densiflorum ( Lindl. ) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Orchids of Arunachal Preadesh Hegde 1984 photo ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as Phaius epiphyticus; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo plant only; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing good; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 7 2011 drawing ok; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo good; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide