!Calanthe triplicata [Willemet] Ames 1907 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Calanthe SERIES Triplicata Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders.

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding.

All White Flower Closeup Photo by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Mt Kinabalu Borneo Photo by © Rogier Van Vugt and His PBase Orchid Photo Website

Part shade WarmCoolspringTHROUGH Fall

Common Name The Thrice Folded Calanthe - The Christmas Orchid [Australia] - In China San Zhe Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found from Mauritus, Madagascar, Seychelles, Assam, eastern Himalayas, lower India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Laos, Cambodia, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Bismark Islands, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Norfolk Island, New South Wales, and Queensland Australia, Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Vanuatu, Wallis & Futna, Marquesas, Santa Cruz Islands, Caroline Islands, the Marianas Islands, Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands as a medium to giant sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial in broadleafed, humid, primary forests in crevasses in karst limestone with rich humus soil in humid, shady conditions at elevations of 500 to 1500 meters with ovoid pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 6, ovate-lanceolate, to elliptic-lanceolate, plicate, prominently ribbed, long petiolate leaves that are pubescent beneath and blooms from a mature pseudobulb as a new one arises in the spring through fall on a minutely pubescent, 7' [210 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with successive opening flowers that are congested at the apex and much longer than the leaves.

Synonyms Alismorkis angraeciflora (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis diploxiphion (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis furcata O.Ktze. 1891; Alismorkis gracillima (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis veratrifolia [Willd.] Kuntze 1891; Amblyglottis veratrifolia Blume 1825; Bletia quadrifida Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe anchorifera Rchb.f. 1883; Calanthe angraeciflora Rchb.f. 1876; Calanthe anthropophora Ridl. 1915; Calanthe australasica D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2006; Calanthe bracteosa Rchb.f. 1882; Calanthe brevicolumna Hayata 1911; Calanthe breviflos Ridl. 1925; Calanthe catilligera Rchb.f. 1857; Calanthe colorans Rchb.f. 1885; Calanthe comosa Rchb. f. 1847; Calanthe diploxiphion Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe furcata Bateman ex Lindley 1838; Calanthe furcata f. albolineata K.Nakaj. 1969; Calanthe furcata f. albolineata K.Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe furcata f. albomarginata K.Nakaj. 1969; Calanthe furcata f. albomarginata K.Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe furcata f. brevicolumna (Hayata) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe gracillima Lindl. 1855; Calanthe matsamurana Schltr. 1906; Calanthe nephroglossa Schltr. 1911; Calanthe orthocentron Schltr. 1912; Calanthe perrottetii A. Rich. 1841; Calanthe petri Rchb.f. 1880; Calanthe proboscidea Rchb.f. 1884; Calanthe pubescens Ridl. 1923; Calanthe rubicallosa Masam. 1975; Calanthe triantherifera Nadeaud 1873; Calanthe triplicata f. albomarginata (K.Nakaj.) K.Nakaj. 1973; Calanthe triplicata f. purpureoflora S.S.Ying 1990; Calanthe triplicata var. angraeciflora (Rchb.f.) N.Halle 1977; Calanthe triplicata var. gracillima (Lindl.) N.Hallé 1998; Calanthe triplicata [Willem.]Ames 1907 var minahassae Schltr. 1925; Calanthe undulata Schltr. 1912; Calanthe veratrifolia [Willd.]R. Br. 1823; Calanthe veratrifolia var. australis Linden 1851; Calanthe veratrifolia var denisimma J.J.Sm. 1931; Calanthe veratrifolia [Willd.]R. Br. 1823 var dupliciloba J.J.Sm. 1922; Calanthe veratrifolia var incurvicalca J.J.Sm. 1931; Calanthe veratrifolia var. kennyi F.M.Bailey 1912; Calanthe veratrifolia [Willd.]R. Br. 1823 var lancipetala J.J.Sm. 1930; Calanthe veratrifolia var. stenochila Rchb.f. 1897; Calanthe veratrifolia var timorensis J.J.Sm. 1934; Flos triplicata Rumph 1750; Limodorum ventricosum Steud. 1821; Limodorum veratrifolium Willd. 1797; *Orchis triplicata Willem. 1796; Paracalanthe megalophora (Franch.) Miyabe & Kudô 1932

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as C catilligera; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as C veratrifolia; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as C veratrifolia drawing fide; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1892 as C diploxiphon drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 C veratrifolia; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912[1985] as C orthocentron drawing good; ; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912[1985] as C veratrifolia drawing good; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as C veratrifolia photo good; Orchids of Malaya Holttum 1957 as C pubescens; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as C veratrifolia darwing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 29 Nr 2 Seidenfaden 1975 drawing good; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 29 Nr 2 Seidenfaden 1975 as C anthropophora Drawing good; drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 11 1978 photo; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 4 1981 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 12 1982 stamp; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C veratrifolia drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965/85 as C furcata; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing ok; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel; Cribb & Laurent 1982; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing/photo ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Simon & Schuster's Guide to Orchids Schuler 1988; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; Orchids of Lowland Papua New Guinea O'Byrne 1991 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 drawing fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing hmm; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Orchids of Papua New Guinea Millar 1999; Native Orchids of China in Colour Chen, Tsi and Luo 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 2 2000 photo; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; A to Z of SE Asian Orchids O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002 as C celibica; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 2 Tanaka 2004; Flora's Orchids Nash 7 La Croix 2005; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Native Australian Orchids Jones 2006 as C australasica photo good; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing hmm; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 as C pubescens photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide;

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