Calanthe herbacea Lindl. 1855 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Calanthe

Photo courtesy of Orchid Society Of China Website

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Common Name The Herb-Like Calanthe - In China Xi Nan Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm]

Found in China, Taiwan, eastern Himalayas and Vietnam in moist places in forests and along ravines at elevations of 1300 to 2600 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with short fusiform, curved, about 5 internoded pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 5, broadly to narrowly elliptic, acuminate, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on a terminal, 12 to 28" [20 to 70 cm] long, laxly 6 to 20 flowered, pubescent, ridged inflorescence with oblong-ovate, acute, adpressed, distant bracts and lanceolate, acute floral bracts and carrying flowers that are not fragrant.

Synonyms Alismorchis erytroglossa (Rchb.f. ex Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorchis herbacea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe elytroglossa Rchb.f. ex Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe elytroglossa Rchb.f. ex Hook.f. 1890

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 4 1960 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Native Orchids of China in Colour Chen, Tsi and Luo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 Photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;