Calanthe lyroglossa Rchb.f. 1878 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Styloglossum Photos courtesy of Peter O'Byrne, André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III

Another View? not close to C ecallosa but has ruffled margins to the lip? Photo by Karel & Alex Petrzelka

Fragrance Full Shade Cool Summer Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Lute-Shaped Lip Calanthe - in Japan - Rengio-ebine - Riukiu-ebine - In China Nan Fang Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in China, Japan, Taiwan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Malaysia and the Philippines in lower montane forests at elevations of [700] 1000 to 1700[1900] meters as a large sized, cool growing terrestrial orchid with oblong-lanceolate, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a stout, erect, rachis 3.2 to 5.6" [8 to 14 cm] long, 12 to 20" [30 to 50 cm] long overall, many flowered inflorescence arising from the base of the pseudobulb and has 3 to 4, tubular, lanceolate, acute bracts and membraneous, lanceolate, deciduous floral bracts with all the small, fragrant flowers held in the apical third

Synonyms Alismorchis foerstermannii [Rchb.f] Kuntze 1891; Alismorchis lyroglossa (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe actinomorpha Fukuy. 1935; Calanthe foerstermannii Rchb.f 1883; Calanthe forsythiiflora Hayata 1914; Calanthe liukiuensis Schltr. 1919; Calanthe lyroglossa var forsythiiflora [Hayata] S S Ying 1977; Calanthe lyroglossa var longibracteata P O'byrne 1997; Calanthe nephroidea Gagnep. 1951; Phaius actinomorphus (Fukuy.) T.P.Lin 1975

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1878; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as C foestermannii; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as C foerstermannii; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 29 Nr 2 Seidenfaden 1975 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 photo ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfadden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vadhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 7 2011 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide to the first photo

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