Calanthe mannii Hook.f. 1890 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

warm Cold Spring

Common Name Mann's Calanthe [German Engineer and Orchid Enthusiast India 1800's] - In China Xi Hua Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .2 to .5" [.5 to 1.3 cm]

Found in the Western Himalayas, Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Myanmar, southern China and Vietnam in dense rainforests and secondary, mossy grasslands in foothills at elevations of 600 to 2400 meters as a small to just medium sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with short, cylindric pseudobulbs carrying 4 to 5, narrowly elliptic-oblong to oblanceolate-oblong, acute to subacute, plicate, 5 nerved, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, laxly 10 to 20 flowered, pubescent, 10.8" to 22.4" [27 to 56 cm ]long inflorescence with glabrous, small, lanceolate, acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Alismorchis mannii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe brachychila Gagnep.1932; Calanthe oblanceolata Ohwi & T.Koyama 1957; Calanthe pusilla Finet 1900

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1892 drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975 as C oblanceolata; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994 as C brachychila; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;