Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl. 1833

Side View of Flower SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Calanthe SERIES Sylvatica Photos by Takato Natsui and The Orchidstudium Website Copyright

Part sunHotCool LATESummer EARLY Fall

Common Name

Flower SizeFound in Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, Hunan, southeastern Tibet and southern Yunan provinces of China, Hong Kong, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and the Ryukyus Islands in temperate forests at elevations of 400 to 1500 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with small, narrowly conical pseudobulbs and several, plicate, broadly elliptic, acute, narrowing below into the petiolate or sessile base leaves that blooms in the late summmer and early fall on an erect, 5 to 6" [12.5 to 15 cm] long, successively several to many [10 to 15] flowered inflorescence.

Often cited as a synonym of Calanthe sylvatica, I will leave it and it's synonyms separate at this time.

Synonyms Alismorkis emarginata [Bl] Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis masuca (D.Don) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis pleichroma [Rchb.f] Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorkis textori (Miq.) Kuntze 1891; Amblyglottis emarginata Blume 1825; *Bletia masuca D. Don 1825; Calanthe albolongicalcarata S.S.Ying 1974; Calanthe curtisii Rchb.f. 1884; Calanthe dipteryx Rchb.f 1884; Calanthe emarginata [Bl]Lindley 1833; Calanthe emarginata Auct 1845; Calanthe fulgens Lindl. 1855; Calanthe furcata f albiflora [Ida] Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe furcata f. masuca (D.Don) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe furcata f. textori (Miq.) M.Hiroe 1971; Calanthe kintaroi K. Yamam. 1934; Calanthe longicalcarata Hayata ex Yamam. 1930; Calanthe masuca f. albiflora (Ida) K.Nakaj. 1971; Calanthe masuca var. fulgens (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe masuca var. grandiflora B.S.Williams 1871; Calanthe masuca var. purpurea (Lindl.) Rao & S.R.Rathore 1984; Calanthe masuca var. sinensis Rendle 1902; Calanthe okinawensis f. albiflora Ida 1969; Calanthe pleichroma Rchb.f 1871; Calanthe purpurea Lindl. 1833; Calanthe seikooensis Yamam. 1931; Calanthe textori Miq. 1866; Calanthe textorii f. albiflora (Ida) Hatus. 1971; Calanthe textori var alba Maxim. 1872; Calanthe textori var. longicalcarata (Hayata ex Yamam.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974; Calanthe textorii var. violacea Maxim. 1872; Calanthe versicolor Lindl. 1871; Calanthe violacea Rolfe 1913; Calanthe wightii Rchb.f. 1864; Zoduba mascua Buch. - Ham ex D.Don 1825

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as C emarginata; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing as C whiteana; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 7 1970 photo; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 29 Nr 2 Seidenfaden 1975 photo/drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 6 1979 drawing; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing ok; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as C fulgens; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide;

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