Calanthe nipponica Makino 1898 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Photo courtesy of Rogier van Vugt and his Orchid webpage.

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Takato NATSU

Part shadeColdSpring

Common Name The Japanese Calanthe - In Japan Kin-Sei-Ran - In China Ji Xing Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Japan and Xizang province China in forests at elevations around 2600 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with short-conical pseudobulbs carrying 4 to 5, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, acuminate, slightly undulate margins, tapering below into the petiolate base leaves that are not well developed at blooming in the late spring on an axillary, erect, pubescent above, rachis 4.4" [11 cm] long, few flowered, overall 14" [35 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, shorter than the pedicel floral bracts

Synonyms Calanthe trulliformis var. hastata Finet 1900

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as C trulliformis drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing as C trulliformis; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975; Native Orchids of China in Colour Chen, Tsi and Luo 1999 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide;