Calanthe plantaginea Lindl. 1833 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae Photo by Lourens Grobler.

Full ShadeCoolColdLATE WinterEARLYSpring

Common Name The Plantago-Like Calanthe [refers to the leaves] - In China Che Qian Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1.2 to 1.6" [3 to 4 cm]

Found in western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Yunnan and Xizang Province of China in evergrgeen broad-leaved forests at elevations of 1800 to 2500 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with conical pseudobulbs carrying 3, elliptic-ovate, plicate, prominently ridged, acute, narrowing below into the petiolate bsae leaves that arise with the leaves in late winter and early spring on a lateral, laxly to subdensely many flowered, ridged, puberulent, 10 to 14.4" [25 to 36 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with persistent, lanceolate floral bracts and carrying fragrant, pendant flowers

Synonyms Alismorkis lindleyana (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe plantaginea var. lushuiensis K.Y.Lang & Z.H.Tsi 1987

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992 drawing hmm; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 as C plantaginea var lushuiensis; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C plantaginea var lushuiensis; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide;