~Calanthe reflexa Maxim. 1873 - See Calanthe puberula Lindl. 1833 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Inflorescence Awarded plant and photo by Wilford Neptune.

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of Rogier van Vugt and his Orchid webpage

Part shadeCoolTo Warm LATERSpring

Common Name The Back-Bent Calanthe - In China Fan Ban Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in western Himalayas, Assam, Bangladesh, Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Nepal, China, Vietnam, Japan, Korea and Taiwan on rocks in degraded evergreen oak forests at elevations of 1650 to 3000 meteres as a small sized, warm to cold growing, evergreen terrestrial-lithophyic species found in moist grasslands, thickets or montane woodlands, with a very short stem, carrying 3 to 5, lowermost sheathing, the rest plicate, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate leaves that are sparsely puberulous above that blooms in the later spring on an erect, 8 to 24" [20 to 60 cm] long, puberulous, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts that carries up to 30, puberulent on the outside flowers held well above the leaves.

This species and C puberula have often been considered conspecific. Differences appear to be in the lip structure and bloom time. I do not have good documentation of exactly what those differences may be.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as C puberula; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992 drawing not; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel; Cribb & Laurent 1982; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009;

Calanthe reflexa Maxim. 1873 frma. alba

A white color form of the previous species