Calanthe speciosa [Bl.] Lindl. 1833 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Styloglossum

Photo by JB Comber and The Swiss Orchid Foundation a the Jany Renz Herbaria Webpage

Inflorescence

Photo courtesy of Donald Tan

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Common Name or Meaning The Splendid Calanthe - In China Er Lie Ye Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Hainan province of China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Penninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Java, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines at elevations around 100 to 1900 meters in primary hill to montane forests as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with close set pseudobulbs almost completely envelopd by leaf bearing sheaths carrying 4 to 7, lanceolate, acute, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late summer and fall on an erect, to 32" [to 80 cm] long, densely many successively flowering, racemose inflorescence with 5 sheathing bracts spaced out along it and carrying up to 50 flowers.

Synonyms Alismorchis scortechinii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorchis speciosa (Blume) Kuntze 1891; *Amblyglottis speciosa Bl. 1825; Calanthe disticha Tang & F.T.Wang 1974; Calanthe formosana Rolfe 1895; Calanthe patsinensis S.Y.Hu 1972; Calanthe pulchra var. formosana (Rolfe) S.S.Ying 1977; Calanthe scortechinii Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe yushuni K.Mori & Yamam. 1932; Styloglossum formosanum ( Rolfe ) T.P.Lin 2016; Styloglossum speciosum ( Blume ) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchids of Malaya Holttum 1953; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 4 1981 photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Seidenfadden & Woods 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 4 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 as C formosana photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 7 2011 drawing fdide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 17 2016 as Styloglossum speciosum photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

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