Calanthe speciosa [Bl.] Lindl. 1833 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Styloglossum

Photo by JB Comber and The Swiss Orchid Foundation a the Jany Renz Herbaria Webpage


Photo courtesy of Donald Tan


Common Name or Meaning The Splendid Calanthe - In China Er Lie Ye Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Hainan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Penninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Java, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines at elevations around 100 to 1900 meters in primary hill to montane forests as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with close set pseudobulbs almost completely envelopd by leaf bearing sheaths carrying 4 to 7, lanceolate, acute, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late summer and fall on an erect, to 32" [to 80 cm] long, densely many successively flowering, racemose inflorescence with 5 sheathing bracts spaced out along it and carrying up to 50 flowers.

Synonyms Alismorchis scortechinii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorchis speciosa (Blume) Kuntze 1891; *Amblyglottis speciosa Bl. 1825; Calanthe disticha Tang & F.T.Wang 1974; Calanthe formosana Rolfe 1895; Calanthe patsinensis S.Y.Hu 1972; Calanthe pulchra var. formosana (Rolfe) S.S.Ying 1977; Calanthe scortechinii Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe yushuni K.Mori & Yamam. 1932; Styloglossum formosanum ( Rolfe ) T.P.Lin 2016; Styloglossum speciosum ( Blume ) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchids of Malaya Holttum 1953; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 4 1981 photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Seidenfadden & Woods 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Wood Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 4 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 as C formosana photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 7 2011 drawing fdide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 17 2016 as Styloglossum speciosum photo fide;