Calanthe tricarinata Lindl. 1833 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Photo by Natsui from Japan and his Japan Orchids Page

Part shadeCoolTo Cold Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Three Keeled Calanthe - In China San Leng Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm]

Found in Pakistan, western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Myanmar, southern China, Taiwan, Korea, Ryukyu Islands and Japan on damp grassy banks in mixed forests, in clumps on downed, rotting tree trunks in open forests, on steep open grassy slopes and in bamboo scrub at elevations of 1500 to 3300 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with short, ovoid pseudobulbs carrying [2 to 3] several, basally sheath clasping, plicate, elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, acute, petiolate or sessile base leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, 12 to 20" [30 to 50 cm] long, densely several [8 to 12] flowered, shortly pubescent inflorescence arising on a newly developing pseudobulb with lanceolate bracts that cover half of the pubescent ovary

Synonyms Alismorchis tricarinata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Calanthe brevicornu var. megalophora (Franch.) Finet 1900; Calanthe lamellata Hayata 1914; Calanthe megalophora Franch. 1888; Calanthe occidentalis Lindl. 1855; Calanthe pantlingii Schltr. 1919; Calanthe torifera Schltr. 1919; Paracalanthe lamellata (Hayata) Kudô 1930; Paracalanthe torifera (Schltr.) Kudô 1930; Paracalanthe tricarinata (Lindl.) Kudô 1930

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel; Cribb & Laurent 1982; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 3 1991 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992 drawing hmm; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Chen, Tsi and Luo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing/photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 7—50. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide; Taiwania 65(4): 478?492, New Orchids in the Flora of Vietnam ? (Collabieae, Malaxideae, Nervilieae and Orchideae) Leonid V. AVERYANOV, Ba Vuong TRUONG, Van Canh NGUYEN, Tatiana V. MAISAK, Quang Diep DINH, Maxim S. NURALIEV, Khang Sinh NGUYEN and Van Tan CHU 2020 photo fide