Calanthe tsoongiana Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 SUBGENUS Calanthe SECTION Vernae

Photo by Li Lin

Flower Closeup

Flower Closeup Another Angle

Photos by Rogier van Vugt and his Orchid webpage

Another flower?? Not!

Inflorescence ??? Not!

Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website


Drawing by Liu Chunrong

Common Name Tsoong's Calanthe - In China Wu Ju Xia Ji Lan

Flower Size .6" [1.4 cm]

Found in Fujian, Guizhou, Jiangxi and Zhejiang provinces of China in forests on damp rocks at elevations of 400 to 1500 meters as a cool growing lithophyte with a short rhizome giving rise to subconic pseudobulbs enveloped by 3 to 4 basal sheaths and carrying 2 to 3, well developed at blooming, not deciduous, obovate-lanceolate to oblong, abaxially puberulent, plicate, acuminate, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, erect, rachis to 5.6 to 6.4" [14 to 16 cm] long, 13.2 to 22" [33 to 55 cm] long overall, densely hairy, laxly many flowered inflorescence with a scale-like sheath near the middle and persistent, ovate-lanceolate, membraneous, glabrous, acute floral bracts

CAUTION I am not happy with the Brouwer photo determination so please use with caution. The drawing in the Flora of China has a much shorter column and no callus on the lip and certainly not a winged one as in the second set of Photos.

Synonyms Calanthe tsoongiana var. guizhouensis Z.H.Tsi 1985

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C tsoongiana var guizhouensis; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Genus Calanthe Clayton & Cribb 2013 lip drawing hmm/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;