Campylocentrum pachyrrhizum (Rchb. f.) Rolfe 1908 SECTION Dendrophyllopsis C pachyrrhizum alliance

Photo by Von Gastam

Plant on tree in situ within Big Cypress National Park

Plant on tree in situ within Big Cypress National Park closeup

Photo by Joel Hoffman

Plant and flowers Photo courtesy of Lisa Wood and Andy Nelson

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Common Name Thick Rooted Orchid - The Broad-Rooted Campylocentrum

Flower Size 1/4" or Less [.625 cm]

Found in the western everglades in Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guyana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Ecuador and Brazil in moist montane forests as a leafless, monopodial, hot to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of sea level to 1400 meters that bloom in the late winter and spring with an erect, to 1 1/2" [3.75 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with prominent reddish brown bracts giving rise to inverted, 2 ranked flowers appearing on both sides of the rachis, that arise from the center of the root ball.

Synonyms Aeranthes pachyrrhizus Rchb. f. 1865; Aeranthes spathesceus Griseb. 1866; *Aeranthus pachyrrhizus Rchb. f. 1865; Aeranthes spathescens Griseb.1866; Campylocentrum rimbachii Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; Flora 48: 279. 1865.1865 as Aeranthus pachyrrhizus; *Orchid Rev. 11: 246. 1903; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing ok; Drawings of Florida Orchids Ames 1959 drawing good; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 drawing ok; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975; Orchidaceae Brasilensis band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing good; pOrchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 016 Dodson 1980 drawing okish; Field Guide to the Orchids of North American Williams and Williams 1983; Rudolph Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 16/17/18 945-1128 Brieger 1985; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas Cubanos Acuna 1987; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo ok; Native Orchids of the Eastern Caribbean Kenny 1988; A Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Native Orchids of Ecuador Vol 1 Dodson 1993 drawing ok; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Orchids of Jamaica Gloudin & Tobisch 1995 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 3 2000 photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillenae Nir 2000; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Wild Orchids of Florida Brown 2002; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 3 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Flora Of Ecuador # 76 225[2] Dodson & Luer 2005; Orchids of French Guiana Szlatchetko, Veyret Etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 drawing good