Catasetum barbatum [Lindley]Lindley 1844 SUBGENUS Catasetum SECTION Isoceras SUBSECTION Isoceras Photo by Jay Pfahl

toand

Common Name The Bearded Catasetum

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

From Guyana, Surinam, Brazil, Colombia, Venzuela and Peru in rainforests along rivers and streams as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte that loses its leaves in the winter so it needs a definite rest. When the new growth appears and is more than 2" it is time to water and fertilize heavily, and as the leaves yellow in the fall it is time to slow water to a trickle and stop fertilizing. The orchid has fusiform pseudobulbs enveloped by papery white sheaths and carrying 7, linear-oblanceolate, 3 prominently veined, plicate leaves that blooms in the spring, summer and occasionally again in the fall on a suberect to pendant, 18" [45 cm] long, many [20] flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and carrying fleshy, fragrant flowers in the apical half.

This species is a hot to warm growing species requiring very bright light. They have oblong-fusiform pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several leaf-bearing sheaths carrying membranous, oblanceolate or lanceolate, distichous, deciduous leaves that sheath the pseudobulb and are 14-16 inches in length, the inflorescence is basal, erect, and single sexed, with male or female flowers.

Synonyms Catasetum appendiculatum Schltr. 1925; Catasetum barbatum var proboscideum Lindl. 1841; Catasetum barbatum var spinosum Rolfe 1891; Catasetum brachibulbon Schlechter 1925; Catasetum brachybulbon Schlechter 1925; Catasetum buchtienii Kraenzl. 1928; Catasetum comosum Cogn. 1895; Catasetum crinitum Linden; Catasetum cristatum var spinosum [Hkr.] Hkr.; Catasetum cristaum var stenosepalum Rchb.f; Catasetum macrocarpum Stein ; Catasetum polydactylon Schlechter 1925; Catasetum proboscideum Lindley 1839; Catasetum spinosum Lindley 1840; Catasetum variabile Barb.Rodr. 1882; Monachanthus viridis Schomb. 1837; *Myanthus barbatus Lindley 1836; Myanthus barbatus var immaculatus Knowles & Westcott; Myanthus spinosus Hooker 1840

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C barbatum var spinosum drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C buchtienii; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C appendiculatum drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as C comosum; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 10 1959 drawing; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Orchids of Peru Vol 3 Schweinfurth 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Pabst & Dungs 1975 as C appendiculatum drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Laurent 1982; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1982; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Dunsterville 1987; Die Orchideen lieferung 26 Schlechter/Brieger 1992 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 26 Schlechter/Brieger 1992 as C appendiculatum photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 26 Schlechter/Brieger 1992 as C buchtienii; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 1994 photo ok; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; The World Of Catasetum Holtz 1999 as C appendiculatum drawing/photo fide;A World of Catasetum Holst 1999 photo fide; The World Of Catasetum Holtz 1999 as C buchtienii drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2001; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 12 2003 specimen; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo not male [Oakley] = C lanciferum; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide female; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------