Cattleya intermedia Graham 1828 SUBGENUS Intermedia [Cogn.] Withner 1989 Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl.

Plant in situ in Boia Ceia' Sao Paulo State Brazil at 1 meter in elevation

Another plantPhoto courtesy of Jay Pfahl.

to to

Common Name Intermediate Cattleya

Flower Size 5" [12.5 cm]

Found in central to southern Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina in the Atlantic coastal forest where it is found on rocks and small trees near the sea or streams as a small to medium sized, cool to warm growing orchid with slender, cylindric pseudobulbs with several, tubular, scarious bracts enveloping it and 2 to 4, apical, subopposite leaves that blooms in the spring or summer on a terminal, short to long stalked, few to several [3 to 7] flowered inflorecence with minute floral bracts and subtended by a conduplicate sheath all arising on a newly matured pseudobulb with heavy textured, long-lived, fragrant, color variable flowers.

The in situ shots are from Boia Ceia', Sao Paulo State, Brasil. These plants are plentiful in their specific environment which encompasses the exact area that condos by the sea are most often built. The sea gives way to the sand and then the sand gives way to vines and grasses and then to small bushes and then begins the hammock of stunted hardwoods with swales of tidal saltwater and freshwater runnoff. This area is extremely humid and hot and is bathed by spray from the crashing surf less than 20 yards away. Cattleya intermedia is found in these hammocks in vast quanities. I saw close to 500 just in a 30 acre area. Almost all were on trees at or just above eye-level. The branches and trunks were extremely damp and had lichen and mosses. There was a lot of standing water and mosquitoes and bromeliads were everywhere. All discussions about this species being extinct or rare in the wild is hogwash and it is not threatened by over-collection as stated by Bechtel Cribb in the Manual of Cultivated Orchids. It is important to note though that as this species grows in the seaside hammocks it could be majorly affected by condo development in the future. I was assured by my Brazilian freinds that this species is commonly found all up and down the coast as long as the seaside hammock still exists.

Synonyms Cattleya amabilis B.S.Williams 1862; Cattleya amethestina C. Morr. 1848; Cattleya amethystina C. Morren 1848; Cattleya aquinii Barb. Rodr. 1891; Cattleya candida hort.; Cattleya gibeziae Linden & Rodigas 1887; Cattleya ianthina hort. 1853; Cattleya intermedia f. amethystina (C.Morren) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007; Cattleya intermedia f. parthenia (Rchb.f.) F.Barros & J.A.N.Bat. 2004; Cattleya intermedia var. amethystina (C.Morren ex Lem.) Fowlie 1977; Cattleya intermedia var. angustifolia Hook. 1839; Cattleya intermedia var. gibeziae (L.Linden & Rodigas) L.Linden & Rodigas 1887; Cattleya intermedia var. macrochila Barb.Rodr. 1877; Cattleya intermedia var. pallida Lindl. 1836; Cattleya intermedia var. parthenia Rchb.f. 1888 ; Cattleya intermedia var. punctatissima Sander 1892; Cattleya intermedia var variegata Hkr. 1844; Cattleya intermedium Rchb.f 1861; Cattleya loddigesii Lindley var amethystina Lem 1853; Cattleya maritima Lindley 1836; Cattleya ovata Lindley 1836; Epidendrum intermedium Rchb.f 1861; Laelia lindleyana G. Nicholson 1885; Laelia lindleyana (Rchb. f.) H.J. Veitch 1887;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as Epidendrum intermedium; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia lindleyana; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Orchids of Malaya Holttum 1957; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 6 1959 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 4 1963 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 10 1966; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 as C intermedia var aquinii drawing fide; The Brazilian Bifoliate Cattleyas and Their Color Variations Fowlie 1977; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 1 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 5 1982 photo; Growing Orchids Vol 2 Rentoul 1982; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 7 1986 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 11 1987 photo; The Catttleya and their Relatives Withner Vol 1 1988 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 3/238/9 1991 photo; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1992; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 9 1996 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 9 2001 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 614 Bennet & Christenson 2001 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 2 2002 photo; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 8 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 6 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 8 2005 photo; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 9 2006 photo; Miniature Orchids Frownie 2007; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide

Cattleya intermedia Graham var alba SUBGENUS Intermedia [Cogn.] Withner 1989 Photo by © Eric Hunt and his Orchid Photo Site

to

Found in Paraguay along streams as a cool to warm growing species and blooms in the spring and summer.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 6 1959 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 12 1984 photo;

Cattleya intermedia Graham var. amethstina SUBGENUS Intermedia [Cogn.] Withner 1989 Photo courtesy of Nelson Machado

to

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 6 1959 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 8 2005 photo;

~Cattleya intermedia var angustifolia Hkr. 1839 - See Laelia perrinii [Lindl.] Lindley 1842

Cattleya intermedia Graham var. aquinii SUBGENUS Intermedia [Cogn.] Withner 1989 Photo courtesy of Ralf Käppel of Germany

to

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 1 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 8 2005 photo;

Cattleya intermedia var coeruleaSUBGENUS Intermedia [Cogn.] Withner 1989 Photo courtesy of Jean Claude George

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 6 1959 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 5 1970; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 8 2005 photo;

Cattleya intermedia var flameaSUBGENUS Intermedia [Cogn.] Withner 1989 Photo courtesy of Dick McRill

to

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------