Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998

Another Flower? Photos by © David Kuehn

Inflorescence Photos courtesy of © Mary Mendum, André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen © and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Full Shade Warm Cool Fall

Common Name The Reverse Heart-Shaped Cephalantheropsis -in Japan - Tokusa-ran - Kusairo-ebine - In China Huang Lan

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Japan, Taiwan, Bangladesh, Laos, Myanamar, Thailand, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Moluccas and the Philippines in primary, semideciduous, broad-leafed, mixed and coniferous forests at elevations of 1300 to 1450 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with a stout stem carrying several, plicate, elliptic, acute, gradually narrowing below into the clasping base leaf that blooms in the fall on an axillary, erect, slender, to 14" [35 cm] long, racemose, several to many flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Alismorchis gracilis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Alismorchis tubifera (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; *Bletia obcordata Lindl. 1831; Calanthe bursicola Gagnep. 1950; Calanthe gracilis Lindl. 1833; Calanthe ramosii Ames 1912; Calanthe tubifera Hook.f. 1890; Calanthe venusta Schltr. 1919; Cephalantheropsis gracilis (Lindl.) S.Y.Hu 1972; Cephalantheropsis venusta (Schltr.) S.Y.Hu 1972; Gastrorchis gracilis (Lindl.) Aver. 1988; Limatodis gracilis (Lindl.) Lindl. 1855; Paracalanthe gracilis (Lindl.) Kudô 1930; Paracalanthe venusta (Schltr.) Kudô 1930; Phaius gracilis (Lindl.) S.S.Ying 1977; Phaius ramosii (Ames) Ames 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Calanthe gracilis; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Calanthe tubifera; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as C gracilis; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 as Cephalantheropsis gracilis drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfadden 1992 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 14 No 4 2000 as C gracilis; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide;

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