Cephalanthera austiniae (A. Gray) A. Heller 1900 Photo courtesy of Noble Bashor

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

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Common Name Phantom Orchid - Austin's Eburophyton [American Woman - Plant Enthusiast late 1800's]

This is a mycoheterotrophic, leafless terrestial native of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, California and southwestern British Coloumbia that is found in coniferous montane forests and some populations show an affinity for calcareous areas. A totally white orchid, plant as well as flower, that is missing all signs of chlorophyll and blooms on a lax, erect, raceme with up to twenty, delicately scented flowers in the late spring and summer and is commonly called the Phantom Orchid because of it's whiteness.

Synonyms Cephalanthera austiniae (A. Gray) A. Heller 1900; Cephalanthera oregana Rchb. f. 1877; *Chloraea austinae A. Gray 1877; Eburophyton austiniae (A. Gray) A. Heller 1904; Epipactis austiniae (A.Gray) Wettst. 1889; Epipactis oregana (Rchb.f.) Wettst. 1889; Limodorum austiniae (A.Gray) Kuntze 1891; Limodorum oreganum (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Serapias austinae (A.Gray) A.A.Eaton 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo good; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 photo ok;