Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

Plant and Inflorescence

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of Natsui from Japan and his Japan Orchids Page

Part shadeColdSpring

Common Name The Erect Cephalanthera - In Japan - Gin-ran - The Silver Orchid - In China Yin Lan

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in the far eastern Russia, Korea, Northern China, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan and Japan in open forests and thicket margins at elevations of 800 to 2300 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with an erect stem, carrrying several, plicate, elliptic, basally clasping, acute, graduating smaller towards the apex leaves and blooming on a terminal, erect, stout, inflorescence carrying a few to several flowers occuring in May and June.

Synonyms Cephalanthera erecta f. subaphylla (Miyabe & Kudô) M.Hiroe 1971; Cephalanthera erecta var. oblanceolata N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001; Cephalanthera erecta var. szechuanica Schltr. ex H.Limpr. 1922; Cephalanthera nanlingensis A.Q.Hu & F.W.Xing 2009; Cephalanthera szechuanica Schltr. 1924; Cymbidium erectum (Thunb.) Sw. 1799; Epipactis erecta (Thunb.) Sw. 1805; Limodorum erectum (Thunb.) Kuntze1891; *Serapias erecta Thunb. 1784

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Native Orchids of Shaanxi Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as C nanlingensis; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as C nanlingensis drawing ok; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide;

Cephalanthera erecta f. subaphylla (Miyabe & Kudô) M.Hiroe 1971

Plant and Flowers in situ Japan Photos by © Hisanori Takeuchi and his Orchids of the World Website

A plant form of the previous species.

Synonyms *Cephalanthera subaphylla Miyabe & Kudô 1932