Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859

Plant and Flowers in situ in Japan Photos courtesy of Natsui

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Common Name The Sickle-Shaped Leaf Cephalanthera - In Japan - Kin-ran [Golden orchid] - In China Jin Lan

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found from southeastern China, Korea, central and southerm Japan in montane, mixed pine and broadleafed forests at elevations of 700 to 1600 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial species with sveral alternate, lanceolate, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late spring on an erect, 4 to 6" long, several flowered, racemose inflorescence carrying fragrant flowers

Synonyms Cephalanthera bijiangensis S.C.Chen 1987; Cephalanthera falcata var. flava X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2009; Cephalanthera japonica A.Gray 1857; Cephalanthera platycheila Rchb.f. 1845; Cephalanthera raymondiae Schltr. 1922; Cymbidium falcatum Sw. 1799; Epipactis falcata Sw. 1805; Limodorum falcatum Thunb. 1794; Pelexia falcata (Thunb.) Spreng. 1826; Pelexia japonica Spreng. 1826; *Serapias falcata Thunb. 1784

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchdis Hawkes 1965; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as C bijiangensis; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Maountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide as C falcata var flava; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Tangtsinia nanchanica; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Tangtsinia nanchuanica drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide;

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