!Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886 Photo by J-M. Lewin and the Orchids of France and Europe

Plant and Flowers in situ Austria Photo by Bill Temple

Common Name The Alpine Chamorchis - The False Musk Orchid - in France - Orchis des alpes - in Germany - Zwergorchis and in Italy - Testicolo gramignola

Flower Size less than 1/4"

A mini-miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial in alpine meadows at elevations of 2000 to 2700 meters in Norway, Sweden, Finland, France, Germany, Czeckloslovakia, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavai, Romania and Poland with small ovoid tubers from which arise 5 to 8, basal, narrowly linear leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, 5" long, several to many [8 to 15] flowered inflorescence appearing in the spring and summer.

Synonyms Aceras alpinum (L.) Steud. 1840; Arachnites alpina [L.]F.W. Schmidt 1793; Chamaeorchis alpina [Linne] 1837; Chamaerepes alpina [L.] Spreng 1826; Epipactis alpina [L] Schm. 1792; Herminium alpinum (L.) Sweet 1826; Herminium alpinum [L.]Lindley 1832; *Ophrys alpina Linne 1753; Orchis alpina (L.) Scop. 1772; Orchis graminea Crantz 1769; Satyrium alpinum (L.) Pers. 1807

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Herminium alpinum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Herminium alpinum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo ok; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 7 1985 photo; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/draing fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo plant only good;