Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 Photo by © Karel & Alex Petrzelka and the Vietnam Orchid Website

Plant and Flowers

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of Peter O'Byrne, Dr. E.F. de Vogel, André Schuiteman, and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Partial ShadeWarm Cool Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Ornate Chrysoglossum - In China Jin Chun Lan

Flower Size [.8" [2 cm]

Found in Taiwan, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan province of China, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea, Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa and Vanuatu on or near the tops of ridges in forests with deep humus at elevations of 800 to 1750 meters as a small to just medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with conical to terete, dark green pseudobulbs enveloped basally by a sheath and carrying a single, apical, elliptical, plicate, acuminate, abruptly narrowing below in to the elongate petiolate base leaf that blooms in the fall on a purple, arising from the rhizome, to 28" [70 cm] long, several [12] flowered, racemose inflorescence with a few tubular basal sheaths and persistent, green, spreading, lanceolate-ovate, acute, floral bracts.

Synonyms Ania maculata Thwaites 1861; Chrysoglossum cyrtopetalum Schltr. 1911; Chrysoglossum erraticum Hook.f. 1890; Chrysoglossum formosanum Hayata 1911; Chrysoglossum gibbsiae Rolfe 1909; Chrysoglossum hallbergii Blatt. 1928; Chrysoglossum maculatum (Thwaites) Hook.f. 1890; Chrysoglossum neocaledonicum Schltr. 1906; Tainia maculata (Thwaites) Trimen 1885

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1891 as C erraticum drawing fide; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1891 as C maculatum drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as C erraticum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as C cyrtopetalum drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as C erraticum; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing fide; The Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Woods & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995 as C neocalendonicum; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996; Orchid Monographs Vol 8 Van der Burgh & De Vogel 1997 drwaing/photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as C hallbergii; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as C maculatum; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 3 2009 drawing/photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 4 2009 photo fide Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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