Hemipilia brevicalcarata Finet 1897 Hemipilia sect. Hemipilia

Side View of Flower

Leaf

Photos by Wenbo Chen and his Twitter Feed Website

Part sun CoolCold LATE Spring EARLY Summer

Common Name The Short Spurred Hemipilia- In China Duan Ju Xiao Hong Men Lan

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in the western Sichuan and central Yunnan provinces of China on grassy slopes or in mossy rocks along ravines at elevations of 1500 to 3500 meters as a mini-miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with oblong-ellipsoid tubers giving rise to an erect, glabrous stem with 1 to 2, membraneous, basal sheaths and carrying a single, cordate, cordate-ovate to broadly ovate, dark green, spotted red purple above, purple red below, gradually narrowing into the amplexicaul base leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on an erect to slightly curved, 1.6 to 5.6" [4 to 14 cm] long overall, slender, glabrous, rachis .4 to 1.6" [1 to 3.5 cm] long, laxly 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence with broadly ovate, much shorter than the ovary, acuminate floral bracts and carrying flowers that are often secund.

Synonyms Chusua brevicalcarata (Finet) P.F.Hunt 1971; *Hemipilia brevicalcarata Finet 1897; Orchis brevicalcarata (Finet) Schltr. 1919; Ponerorchis brevicalcarata (Finet) So 1966

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis brevicalcarata; Native Orchids of China In Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 as Orchis brevicalcarata photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Ponerorchis brevicalcarata; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Ponerorchis brevicalcarata drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photo ok; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide

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