Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 SECTION Ephippium Schlechter 1913

Plant and Flowers Photos courtesy of Manorot Tangsaveepha Copyright , and the Butterfly and Orchids Photo Gallery

Another Color Variety Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

EARLY to

Common Name The Golden Bulbophyllum

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

An umbel type orchid that blooms in early spring through the summer on a lateral to erect, slender, basal, to 6" [15 cm] long, purplish inflorescence that carries a solitary umbel of drooping, shoe-shaped, fragrant flowers occuring in Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines at elevations around 100 to 1200 meters as a hot to cool growing epiphyte found on mangrove trees with a creeping rhizome with 1/4 to 3/4" [1 to 2 cm] between each clustered ovoid, grooved, dark olive pseudobulb carrying a single, apical purplish leaf with a blunt apex and the base narrowing into a petiole.

A hot to cool growing species that needs partial shade, high humidity and good air circulation.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum borneense (Schltr.) J.J. Sm. 1907; Bulbophyllum campanulatum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1909; *Cirrhopetalum auratum Lindley 1840; Cirrhopetalum borneense Schltr. 1906; Cirrhopetalum campanulatum Rolfe 1910; Cirrhopetalum candelabrum Lindley ex Moore 1854; Phyllorchis aurata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cirrhopetalum campanulatum; Orchids of Malaya Holttum Vol 1 Orchids 1953; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as B campanulatum drawing, photo fide; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as B campanulatum; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfadden 1973 drawing fide; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VIII Bulbophyllum Thou. Seidenfaden 1979 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing/photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 as Cirrhopetalum auratum photo ok; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 4 1995 photo fide; Bulbophyllum and Their Allies Seigerist 2001 as Cirrhopetalum auratum; A to Z Of SE Asian Orchids O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2001; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo ?; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 as Cirrhopetalum auratum photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb & Lun 2011 photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo good; Bulbophyllum of Borneo J J Verm, P O'Byrne and Lamb 2015 photos/drawing fide;

Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 var alba Photo courtesy of Tan Eng Tiek

An albino version of the previous species.

Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 var Orange

Lip Detail Photo courtesy of Khairimhd

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