Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822SECTION Cirrhopetalum [Lindl.] Rchb.f 1861

TYPE for the section Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey. plant grown by Howard Gunn

View from above Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Another Flower From Sabah Photo courtesy of Zainal Abidin Bin Othman

Plant and Yellow Flowers in situ Reunion

Plant and Red Flowers in situ Reunion Photo by © François Vandeschricke and The Orchidees de Reunion Website

Common Name The Long Flowered Bulbophyllum - In Australia The Pale Umbrella Orchid

Flower Size 2" Long [5 cm]

A small sized, hot to warm growing, unifoliate epiphyte found in Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Seychelles and on into Malaysia, Queensland Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Fiji and the Society and Austral Islands in rainforests and hill forests at elevations of sealevel to 1700 meters near and over watercourses on vertical tree trunks with obliquely conical pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblong, petiolate leaf that blooms from summer through autumn on a basal, slender, to 8" [20 cm] long, wiry inflorescence arising from a mature pseudobulb, with 6 to 8, foul-smelling flowers radiating from the apex in an umbel.

Synonyms Bulbophyllum clavigerum [Fitz.] F. Mueller 1884; Bulbophyllum layardii [F. Meul. & Krnzl.]J.J.Sm. 1912; Bulbophyllum trisetum Ames 1912; Cirrhopetalum africanum Schlechter 1915; Cirrhopetalum clavigerum Fitz. 1883; Cirrhopetalum kenejianum Schlechter 1915; Cirrhopetalum layardii F. Meuller & Krnzl. 1894; Cirrhopetalum longiflorum [Thou.]Schlechter 1915; Cirrhopetalum thomasinii Lindley ex Josst 1851; Cirrhopetalum thouarsii Lindley 1824; Cirrhopetalum thouarsii var. concolor Rolfe 1892; Cirrhopetalum trisetum (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994; Cirrhopetalum umbellatum [Forst.] Hkr. & Arn 1832; Cymbidium umbellatum [Forst.] Spreng. 1815; Epidendrum umbellatum Forst. 1786; Inobulbum layardii (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 1998 ; Phyllorchis clavigera [Fitz.] Ktze. 1891; Phyllorchis longiflora Kuntze 1891; Phyllorchis thouarsii [Lindl.]Ktze 1891; Phyllorchis umbellata [Forst.]Ktze. 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Historie Particulier des Plantes Orchidees Recueilles Sur Trois Iles Australes d'Afrique Thouars 1822 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cirrhopetalum thouarsii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cirrhopetalum layardii; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/1981; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912[1985] as Bulbophyllum kenejianum; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as C umbellatum photo ok; Notes on Cirrhopetalum Seidenfaden 1973 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 as C africanum; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo fide; The Orchids of The High Mountains of New Guinea P Van Royen 1979; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Laurent 1981 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as B longiflorum; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984; AOS Bulletion Vol 56 No 3 1987 stamp; Orchid Monographs Vol 2 - A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Vermeullen 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; AOS Bulletin No 63 No 10 1994 photo; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 as B longiflorum; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995 as B longiflorum; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996 as B longiflorum; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photos fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002 as Bulbophyllum longiflorum; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003 as B longiflorum; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003 as B trisetum; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003 incorrect; Slipper Orchids of Vietnam Averyanov, Cribb, Loc & Hiep 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 1 2005 photo as Cirrhopetalum trisetum; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as Cirrhopetalum clavigerum photo fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007; New species of Bulbophyllum from eastern Malesia (Orchidaceae) Nordic Journal of Botany 26: 129-195, 2008 Vermuellen; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide; Bulbophyllum: the incomplete Guide From A to why? Bill Thoms 2009 photo fide;The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide to the 3rd photo; Bulbophyllum of Sulawesi Vermeullen & O'Byrne 2011 drawing/photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendroideae Pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb Chase & Ramussen 2014; Bulbophyllum of Borneo J J Verm, P O'Byrne and Lamb 2015 photos/drawing fide; Orchidaceae Of West Central Africa Vol 2 Szlachetko, Ejsmont, Baranow, Grochocka, Nowak, Margonska and Naczk 2015 drawing good/photo fide

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